In spite of the fact that carpet weaving in Ghom started almost seventy years ago, it gained wide spread recognition and fame for the attractive designs, agreeable colors, and nice texture of its carpet within Iran and in all the other parts of the world. For this reason, the carpets woven in the nearby cities of Saveh and Shahreza sometimes are traded under the name Ghom.
After the Second World War, carpet weaving in Ghom started on commercial grounds and its fame increased rapidly as the colors, fibers, and dyes used for weaving were of good quality. In the past and at the present, Ghom is one of the most important centers for producing silk, Kork, and silk-touch carpets.
The Sizes are mostly Zar-o-nim, Do-zar, and the carpets of 4, 6, 7, and 12 square meters. Warp and weft are mainly of finely spun cotton. In Silk rugs, the weft is also of Silk. The carpets are woven in the Persian knots with 2,500 to 10,000 knots per square meter. The color of the carpets woven in Ghom are as vast and various as its designs. The dyers utilize natural or steady chemical color (preferably pastel), turquoise, mustard, golden yellow, bright red, dark blue, and beige. Instead of drawing and designing their own patterns, the weavers prefer to slightly change the designs which have had great demand in weaving centers of Iran. In these cases, one can make a mistake of identifying a Ghom carpet as either Kashan or Esfahan. The most common designs are: repeated panels, paisley, profusion, tree design, Shah-Abbas, medallion, corner, and Moharramat.