After the fall of the Safavid dynasty, carpet weaving began to lose its importance. Towards the end of the Ghaijar Dynasty, carpet weaving once again obtained its former splendor.
At present, some beautiful Kerman carpets of that period can be seen in some of the museums of the world. In the 19th century, Kerman was one of the leading producers of a type of cloth named “Shawl”, which gained fame in Europe, particularly in England. After a while the Shawl became out of the fashion and the Shawl weavers of Kerman began to weaver carpets. Even now the Botteh (Paisley) patterns that originally were used in shawl cloth are in demand both in Kerman and the other carpet centers of Iran.
Kerman was one of the first cities in Iran where many foreign companies installed carpet workshops to supply the needs of the western markets. The demand for these fine and desirable carpets increased after they were exported to the farthest corners of the world. The essay and the article written by various researchers also contributed to their fame. During the First World War and beyond (due to the financial crisis in the United States), the trade of Kerman rugs became somewhat shaky, but after the crisis was over, it regained its former fame and splendor.
The American population became fond of carpets with high pile and large flowers. After a short period their taste changed and they preferred carpets with a plain background and design with small flowers. So, the Kerman designers compiled with the wishes of the American and produced beautiful carpets and rugs with harmonious and attractive colors. Every now and then one comes across old Kerman carpets which are even more interesting. This is why the old and antique Kerman’s are favorites of collectors. The dominant patterns which are mostly used in the Kerman workshops are Shah-Abbasi, Botteh, Eslimi medallion, corner, turreted Shah-Abbasi, hunting scene, Gobelin, and Heap.
About 100 years ago, portrait weaving in Kerman became very popular. Thereafter, the skilful artists started to weave rugs of famous, political, historical, and religious personalities. Almost all carpets in Kerman are woven with local wool and some other with the wool obtained from the provinces that produce wool which are Rafsanjan, Bam, Jiroft, and the areas surrounding Kerman. In spite of the spinning factories that exist in the province, the weavers still prefer to use their own hand spun wool.