Many years ago the Aba (sleeveless cloak), was finely woven with camel’s wool in Na’in. Almost seventy years ago, the government of that time period prohibited the wearing of old fashioned clothes. The weavers of the Aba were forced to change their profession and they started a new enterprise. The result was the creation of the beautiful and fine rugs that have gained fame within both Iran and the rest of the world.
After the Second World War, specific and determined patterns were made which were gathered from the whole collection of carpet designs in Iran. One of the special features of Na’in carpets is the insistence of the dyers to use cool colors. Their preference is white, dark blue, light blue, beige, and sometimes red.
The dimensions of the Na’in rugs vary from the smallest sizes (Poshti) up to larger sizes. Warp and weft are made of cotton, the pile is made of wool, and they normally use the silk around the motifs to make the design outstanding. The designs often used in Na’in carpets are overall Shah-Abassi animal with multiple antlers, multiple armlets, bazu bandi, Shah-Abasi medallion and corner.
The weaves varies between fine and extremely fine, (3,000 to 10,000 knots per square meter). To determine the fineness of Na’in rugs the terms six ply (shesh-la) and nine ply (noh-la) are often used (with shesh-la being much finer than noh-la).