Rug Style

Turkoman

The Turkoman tribesman, whose ancestors were the Mongol Turks, settled between Bojnurd and Gonband-Kavus (towns located to the south east of the Caspian Sea). Some of the tribal weavers of “Tekke”, who after the October Revolution, fled from Turkmenistan and took refuge in Iran, continued to weave their famous rugs. Thereafter, they joined the “Atabay” and “Jafarbay” tribes who actually belonged to the “Yamut” group. As is customary amongst the other tribesmen, the Turkomen carpet producers also weave their single-weft rugs on horizontal looms.
The other is the “Turkoman Akhal” (Bokhara) or Ghazal design as the repeated polygon resembles the deer’s eye. The last is the “Chahar Fasl” (Four Season) design, produced by the Tekke crafsmen, composed of a small cross in the center, dividing the rug into four parts. Normally, in the lower and upper parts and beyond the border of the Turkoman rugs, extra pieces by the name of Shanneh (comb) are woven, which are not utilized in the other carpet weaving center.
The size of Turkoman rugs vary from one meter up to twelve square meters. The colors widely used are lacquer-red, green, white, and beige. Formerly, the dyes used for the wool in Turkoman area were obtained from natural sources, but at present chemical dye have partly began to come into use.

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