Handmade, Information, Tips & Tricks

How to Choose the Right Area Rug

How to Choose the Right Area Rug

Choosing and buying an area rug due to its variety in the model, color, price, size, etc. is one of the challenges that families usually face. An ideal choice that is both popular and affordable depends on several factors. It should be known that no one but you can make the final decision to buy your rug. But in the meantime, we can offer you a variety of ideals depending on different conditions and tastes and introduce quality standards in various aspects. Therefore,this article will try to provide you with appropriate and relatively comprehensive information for selecting and evaluating any area rug. This article contains the following general chapters:

1. General Features of Rug Selection

2. Rug Selection Guide

3. Hand-made Rug Selection Guide

4. Rugsource is the Correct Choice

1. General Features of Area Rug Selection

Before choosing any area rug, you should consider the various issues and prepare the rug after summarizing the conditions. The following are some of the main factors that can influence the choice of area rug.

Area Rug Color Selection

Factors Affecting Area Rug Color Selection

Color is a universal language that stimulates emotions and shapes cultures. Color is one of life’s most significant necessities; a home that is steeped in the right colors is always relaxing. Each of the colors has the energy and power to embody a secret. The feeling and perception of color in the human spirit have undeniable effects. Most colors are either considered warm or cold. Red, orange, and yellow are the warm colors, and green, blue, and purple are the cool colors. However, the position and proportion of each color should be measured with regard to other colors that match it. This is one of the critical principles to determine the effect of each color; for example, green appears warm alongside yellow, but it is seen alongside cold blue. Therefore, color plays a crucial role in various works, including a rug.

However, the choice of rug color depends on weather conditions, lifestyle, economy, taste, location, rug usage, culture, and more. Europeans, for example, are lucky in light, even pale, and unlike Europeans, Arabs like lacquer.

Selecting the area rug according to the type of place and decoration

Choosing a beautiful area rug for decoration is very important. But you should not always consider the beauty when you buy a rug, and you should also consider things like the home decoration, rug color, rug placement, and rug size so you can make the best choice.

decoration with modern rug

Classic rug or modern rug?

Suitable rugs for classic decoration are classic rugs. If you have modern decoration, choose the modern rug or fancy rug. If your home decoration is of a modern type, we recommend using a simple and comfortable design.

To make space smaller

The use of rugs with large designs and different colors and designs, make the space smaller than it is.

Relationship between floor cover and space height

Applying a rug with a coarse texture or long lint makes this coating closer to the viewer’s eye. This effect also makes the floor-to-ceiling distance look even shorter.

Darker than walls

The color you want to buy for a rug should be a simple, harmonious, darker color than the walls, as it makes the space warm and intimate.

Floor lighter than walls:

Applying a light color to the floor will make the floor look shiny and lustrous. A simple, harmonious, and brighter color choice of walls helps complete this feeling.

If you want to see a bigger space

The choice of one-handed, light-colored, non-patterned, soft-textured coatings makes space look larger, and this effect is further enhanced by extending this coverage to other hallways and rooms without interruption.

If your home space looks too big and small

It is best to use rugs that are dark in color, creating a cozy, warm, and intimate atmosphere.

Round rugs act as space fillers

The round rug gives the lobby the most up and coming part of the house. Other rooms can also be used as a children’s playground.

Take care of the rug position

Hemp rugs or other sturdy fibers are suitable for open spaces, but rugs made of soft fibers should not be in a crowded and rough location.

If you have a child or care for pets, or if your family members are athletes, it is best to use schemes and roles that are crowded and dark and do not look dirty.

Choosing a rug for the kitchen

Keep in mind that it can always be easy to get dirty on the kitchen rug, because of the food, drinks, and other things in the kitchen. Rugs can penetrate and wash the dirty rugs too. So the best choice for rug kitchen is because the rug is well priced and has short lint, so it does not keep dirt in the rug and gets less moisture.

Choosing a rug for the living room

Choosing a rug for the living room

You need to choose a rug for the living room that is suitable for warming up your living room as well as your living room. Classic fine-textured rugs are a good choice for the living room because their lint is short and has a better shelf life on the floor and will be easier to clean.

Bedroom rugs

It is best to use cool colors for the bedroom rugs. Cold colors include pale blue and green. Bedrooms are generally divided into two main bedrooms, usually for a couple, and a baby.

To select and buy the right rug for the main bedroom, the rug must start from the front of the room, and the rug should continue at least fifty centimeters out of bed, which you can adjust depending on the size of the bed you have the right rug for. Choose the main sleep of your home.

It is best to use a small round rug to choose and buy a baby’s bedding rug and place the rug in such a way that the rug creates a central point in the room and the layout of items such as beds and wardrobes. The rug should have a childlike design, as well as the fibers of the rug so that it does not cause any skin allergies to the children, so as not to harm your child. Also, baby rugs should be crowded so that they do not get dirty early and do not require a lot of washing.

However, the girl’s baby room is different from the boy’s baby room. This distinction is not only about color. The model, layout, and even the type of layout can be effective in this regard. It can be said that colder colors are better for boys ‘rooms and warmer colors for girls’ rooms.

Bedroom rugs

Suitable Area Rug for the dining room

When choosing the right rug in the dining room, it is important to keep in mind that the table, as well as the chair, should be positioned on the rug in such a way that there is enough room to sit on the chair outside the table.

Coordination of rug selection with furniture

Coordination of rug selection with furniture

It is best to have a rug that is darker than the color of your home decoration and a sofa.

For small homes with cheerful color furniture, the best option would be to choose a light gray rug, such as light gray, which will make the surroundings look more open and larger, and the home decoration will be extraordinary.

For large homes with happy color furniture, it would also be a great choice for the color used in the sofas, or the complementary color used in the sofas would also be a great choice for rug color.

For green and yellow rugs with a neutral color is the best choice. Neutral colors include beige, oak, and cream.

How to extend Area rug life?

Like any other device, Rug also needs maintenance so that with some tips, you can extend the life of your area rug and keep it fresh for longer. Keep these in mind:

  • Do not let direct sunlight shine on the rug.
  • Do not place rugs near sources of heat and fire.
  • Roll it to move the rug and never fold it.
  • Do not place the rug in humid places because moisture will cause the rug to rot.
  • Do not place heavy items such as furniture and wardrobes on the rug. If you do, change the ruging from time to time.
  • Clean the rug with a vacuum cleaner once a week.
  • Widen the rug under the doors so that it is not in constant contact with it.
  • Wash rugs with reputable rug companies and avoid washing them at home.
  • If you have a rug on a ceramic or mosaic and this will move the rug, you can use special rug glues.
  • Cover the rug roots with colorless adhesive (carton glue), so that they always remain white and clean.
  • If any part of your rug is ruptured for any reason, immediately remove it to prevent further rupture.

2. Area Rug Selection Guide

Types of machine-made rugs are:

  • Classic and traditional products in the form of 500, 700, 1000, 1200, and 1500 reeds.
  • Modern and fancy products such as cape, shaggy, 3D,etc.
  • Types of rugs such as short-napped coarse carpet, Gabbeh rug, Jajim rug (coarse loosely-woven woolen cloth),etc.

Rug density

The first noteworthy consideration in buying a rug is its tissue density. By rug density, the number of knots woven in it. Each rug has two types of transverse and longitudinal densities.

Rugreed width or opacity is the reed of the rug; the rugreed is the amount of rug weaving that is generally calculated in terms of the number of knots per meter of width, and as the reed grows, the roles become finer. The longitudinal density or rug weights are referred to as the amount of weft yarn in a meter of rug length; the higher the rug longitudinal density, the tighter the rug.

Rug density

Detection of the density of rugs

You can check the density on the rug. This is possible by counting the number of nodes. The number of knots in a meter is the same as the rugreed, and the number of knots in length indicates the length of the rug.

However, since it is difficult to count the number of roots in one meter of the rug, you can count 10 cm from the rug behind it and count the number of nodes. By doubling this value, the transverse density is determined. You can also count the number of knots in a centimeter, which is 100 times the number obtained by reeding the reed.

You can repeat the same for the length of the rug to find out the longitudinal density of the rug. Calculating the longitudinal density is similar to the transverse density, except that we calculate it at half the rug and then multiply it by 2, which means when the rug is said to have a longitudinal density of 3600, it means that it must be within one meter of Its length is 1800 nodes. For example, there should be 180 nodes in 10 cm of a 3600 longitudinal rug, and 18 nodes in 1 cm.

It is important to note that the higher the rug density, the higher the value and the higher the price. The highest rugreed today is 1500. So if you’ve heard somewhere that a rug is 1550, or 1600 reeds or more, be sure it’s not true and not true.

The most common longitudinal and transverse compressions of machine-made rugs

500 Reed Rugs 1000 Density, 700 Reed Rugs 2550 Density, 1000 Reed Rugs 3000 Density, 1200 Reed Rugs 3600 Density, 1500 Reed Rugs 4500 Density

The higher the rugreed, the better the rug?

A good rug for you depends on a set of factors. Being more expensive rug means it’s good for you, it’s not true at all.

Note that as the rugreed grows, the elegance and beauty of it increase, but it also decreases in thickness and roughness, meaning you should know 1500 rug rugs, much less than 1000 rug rugs and Or they have 700 reeds, because the thickness of the cotton used for machine-made rugs decreases with increasing density. This enhances the delicacy and elegance of the product. That’s why the product will be so much nicer. But reducing rug thickness also reduces rug strength. For this reason, we recommend using high-density products in specific areas and taking care of them more. So using high-density rugs for crowded and crowded places is not a good thing.

Influence of density on the price of a rug

Since the density changes to different yarns, so the price changes too; high-density rugs are more expensive because of their specific characteristics. The delicacy of the high-density rug makes them resemble the hand-made type. For this reason, the products of 1200 and 1500 reeds are known as hand-made varieties. This is also due to the texture method used.

Design and Replacement Rugs

Design and Replacement Rugs

Be careful, some machine-made rugs are a 5-reedrug, and unlike their name, they don’t fit into the 5-reedrug and are a 5-reedrug that is just the design and blueprint of the new and best-selling 5-reedrug. Therefore, their price should be considered the same as 5-rug rugs.

Be aware that some rugs are also convertible. Convertible rugs are rugs that are woven by devices that are made for lower rug texture, but which are made by the changes in the machine, producing higher rugreed density. For example, the texture of the machine is 700 reeds, and with changes in the shuttle and reed, it changes to 1000 rugs. These types of machine-made rugs, replaceable rugs, have a much lower quality of texture and are sometimes found in highly reputable stores and sold as genuine 5-reedrugs.

The material of fibers used in the rug

The most popular and popular rug in the market is a rug made of heated acrylic yarn. In this type of rug, fibers that are very similar to wool are used, and therefore this type of rug has a special softness. The acrylic rug is also durable and durable.

There are also other materials available in the rug market. Like rugs made of acrylic and polypropylene blend or 100 percent polypropylene, these rugs are less durable and less resistant to water and sun. Since the price of natural wool is high, the ratio of using natural wool in rug production is very low.

The number of colors on the rug

  • The number of colors commonly used in rugs is:
  • Seven hundredreed rugs in 8, 10, and 12 colors.
  • Type 1000 reeds in 8 and 10 colors.
  • 1200 reed type in 8 colors.
  • Type 1500 reeds in 8 colors.
  •  As the number of colors increases, the design will be more beautiful. However, 14-color rugs have recently been released.

3. Hand-made area rug selection guide

Hand-made rug selection guide

Hand-made area rugs are very old in Iran, and the oldest ones in the world are related to our country. According to the documents available today, the hand-made area rugs can be traced back to 345 to 430 BC. The hand-made was discovered by an archaeologist who was woven with wool yarn, with the design of legendary animals, deer, eagle head, lion’s body, and its drawings were similar to Persepolis. After investigating, the researchers found that the rug, which they named Pazirik, belonged to Iran. Pazirik rug is the oldest rug in the world attributed to the Achaemenid period and the breed of Parthians and Medes.

A hand-made area rug is one of the most valuable and ancient handicrafts in Iran. Today, many of the world’s best rugs are woven in many cities across the country. Qom, Isfahan, Yazd, Kerman, Kashan, Nain, Khorasan, Gorgan, Zanjan, and others are among the best manufacturers of hand-made rugs. Here are some hand-made rugs from some of the major cities in Iran:

Tabriz hand-made area rug

The city of Tabriz designs and produces the most beautiful hand-made rugs. Tabriz is known as the World City of Rug Weaving. The city’s hand-made designs have a variety of beautiful colors, including the following:

Islamic Design: In this design, there are beautiful flowers with rotating branches with many leaves.

Tree Design: These designs are very similar to nature and have a lot of foliage.

Hunting Plan: There are horse-drawn predators along with animals such as deer or deer, etc. for hunting.

Vase Design: There are lots of different sizes in this design. Some designs cover large pots of rugs, and some contain small pots.

Qom hand-made area rug

There is a great variety of colors and designs in Qom rugs, and there is a great deal of order. The rugs and knots of these rugs are neatly arranged, and there are no defects in them, which is why hand-made rugs in Qom are very popular. These rugs are woven with light backgrounds where the colors are ivory, yellow, and white. In most designs, there is a small cedar, or in some designs, a flower-filled vase, with beautiful birds flying over it. Conventional designs in Qom include hunting grounds, Shah Abbasi designs, and the altar design.

Kashan hand-made area rug

The variety of Kashan rug designs is similar to that of Isfahan. The length and width of Kashan hand-made are the sizes of a prostrate or larger one, but in some Kashan villages,rugs of less than one square meter are also woven. These area rugs are very elegant, and because of their high elegance, the details of the layout and design are well known. In Kashan, the texture of the Islamic design is very common.

Nain hand-made area rug

Nain Rug is one of the most famous rugs in the world market. These rugs are very soft and delicate, with fluff and wool fibers used. Famous designs on these rugs can be named bergamot and latchak design. Nain rug is very used for decoration because it has short and delicate lint.

Turkmen hand-made area rug

Turkmen area rugs are woven with wool and wool. These rugs are woven by women on horizontal shelves and in nomadic tents, which are small in size and coarse. The designs of Turkmen rugs are original, and more than Several iterations are designed. Common Turkmen designs can be called floral or geometric designs.

Kerman hand-made area rug

Kerman is a low-water city and does not have suitable land for agriculture, so the original people of this city have turned to rug weaving. Rug weaving in Kerman dates back to the Safavid era and has long been one of the important rug weaving centers in Iran. Designers of Kerman area rugs use flowers, leaves, and plants in their designs. If we want to talk about the rug color of this city, we have to say that the Kerman rug is one of the happiest and most varied rugs in Iran.

Tehran hand-made area rug

In Tehran, area rugs are designed and woven in different parts of Iran. Tehran rugs have light-colored backgrounds. Tehrani rugs use a very subtle blue for the lacquers and black for the peripherals of the roles and use dark blue, purple, ivory, old green, beige red, pea green, mustard yellow, and other colors. Different parts of the map are used for greater beauty.

Which design to buy in hand-made area rugs to choose from?

  • If you want an artisanal area rug to decorate the floor of your home like a flower garden in May, you can buy a rug and bergamot or a “hunting ground” in Tabriz, Qom, and Isfahan.
  • If you are looking for area rugs with rural and tribal motifs, you can buy the designs of “human and animal,” “flower and bird,” “tree,” “tree and human” and “camel’s foot” in Fars, North Khorasan, Kurdistan and Golestan provinces. Some of these designs are also cheap because of the large size.
  • If you want to decorate your home with simple rugs and create a relaxing atmosphere at home, go to Kerman and Ardakan Desert Rugs. The background of these rugs is the desert nature of camel, gray, and cream colors. Plain “rug” designs of rug and bergamot around it are devoid of any role.
  • If you are looking for modern designs that come with your sports sofa, buy one of the “adobe,” “fridge,” “Minakhani,” “Betta jig” geometric designs in Isfahan, Kashan or Arak.
  • If you are looking for cheap hand-made area rugs, you can buy small fish, altar, and lacquer designs of bergamot in Hamadan, Kashan, and Zanjan provinces.
Which design to buy in hand-made rugs to choose from?

How to determine the quality of the hand-made area rug?

Luminosity and beauty: Hand-made area rugs have superior artistic value and features than machine-made rugs.

Size difference: One of the characteristics of hand-made area rugs is that there is a difference in the size of the upper and lower parts of a few centimeters. This is not a disadvantage, but it may appear in small rugs. If you want to make sure the rug is symmetrical, fold the hand-made rug from the middle to find the difference between the top and the bottom of the rug.

Color Symmetry: The characteristics of a hand-made area rug are its color symmetry. When purchasing hand-made rugs in natural light, check its color and pay attention to the symmetry of the color in the symmetrical parts. You should know that the color of the hand-made rug is darker in the direction of sleep.

Flexible rug: One of the characteristics of a hand-made rug is the flexibility of the rug. If the rug rugs are rough, the rug will be harder to clean.

Increasing financial and artistic value by walking: One of the features of a hand-made rug is that the rug grows more and more, and the greater its financial and artistic value, because it carries more foot, light, and beauty. And eye-catching will not be lost, especially if the rug is painted with natural dyes.

Applying natural fibers to it: One of the different features of hand-made rugs is that the rug is made of natural materials used in cold summer and warm winter, but the rug is made of plastic because of its material. This is not a feature.

Do not paint a hand-made rug: To buy a high-quality hand-made rug, paint a piece of napkin on the rug before buying. If the hand-made rug is colored, it will give the rug color.

High Shelf-Life: The shelf-life of hand-made rugs is longer than any other flooring and is highly capable of cleaning and cleaning.

Mental Relaxation: One of the features of a hand-made rug is that you will find and enjoy it by seeing its various designs and colors. To buy a hand-made rug, choose a rug that you can enjoy by looking at the layout and color scheme.

Non-static electricity: The advantage of hand-made rugs over other flooring is that static electricity is not produced from the rug because of the use of wool, silk, and cotton as raw materials, which is one of the best features. Hand rugs are weaving.

Types of hand-made rugs by fiber type:

Whole wool: A rug that is woven, woven, and lint-free. These types of rugs are coarse-textured due to the genus of villi. All wool rugs have these advantages: They are durable and durable; the elbows are reversible after they are broken; they have high moisture absorption etc.

Wool: When wool or rug is made of wool, its wool is not wool.

Whole Silk: A rug that is woven and woven of silk. This type of rug is usually very fine and has great artistic value. Unlike its soft and delicate appearance, such a rug is highly resistant to stains, meaning that if you pour water, tea, drinks, or any other liquid on it, wash it with a damp cloth and a little shampoo.

Silk floor: The rug is made of wool, but the whole area is made of silk.

Silk Flower: This is a rug of wool, but the flowers and the leaves on the map are woven from the silk thread and the rest of the wool from the wool.

Types of hand-made rugs by knot type

Types of hand-made rugs by knot type

Turkish knot: Turkish knot, which was originally for Tabrizi weavers and is still common in other areas today. In this method, both ends of the lint are crossed and tied. This method takes a long time and is suitable for fine rugs and delicate designs, with a variety of colors and thin lines.

Persian knot: Coarse wool rugs, which are often heavy and have large roles, are Persian knit. In Persian, only one side of the node is tied, and the other side is free. In this method, the heavy reeds are pressed firmly on the villi, until the wool villi collapse. Fabrics for weaving Persian wool rugs cannot weave subtle and miniature designs because of the thick woolen lint.

If you like to Know more about different types of Area Rugs and knots click this link.

The number of knots in a hand-made rug

Hand-made rugs are woven on the rug; therefore, the type and number of knots is an important point to keep in mind when buying a hand-made rug. The fineness (thickness or fineness), quality, and price of a rug depending on the density of the nodes and the type of nodes. For example, a high-quality rug has at least 2 knots per square inch. The higher the density of the knots, the smaller the rug is, and the higher the price. To check the status of the nodes, you need to turn the rug back and look at it. In hand-made rugs, the knots are not the same, and some may be larger because the knots are hand-woven. However, in machine-made and hand-made rugs, the knots are perfectly uniform. Hand-made rugs are the result of thousands of knots hand-knit together.

Colors used in a hand-made rug

Colors used in a hand-made area rug

In the texture of an area rug, different colors are used in different areas. For example, in Isfahan rug, up to 30 colors are used, or up to 16 colors in Nain rug. It can also be used in Tabriz rug up to 80 colors. However, some rugs are sometimes used in 800 colors. A variety of colors is one of the factors affecting the beauty of hand-made rugs.

4. Rugsource is the right choice

Rugsource is an online store of rugs that aims to facilitate the shopping process, along with providing expert advice, giving you a confident choice, and accompanying you through every step. That’s why Rugsource is welcome for every taste and request. Ask for any area rug from Iran, India, Pakistan, China, Turkey, Egypt, and so on. So Rugsource is the best choice to buy rugs online because:

  • Customer support is our idea.
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  • Our honor is your trust and choice
  • Free and fast shipping the same day
  • Return within 30 days for free
  • Buy area rugs with Rugsource for any budget
  • See reputable brands at Rugsource.
  • Experience the highest quality and lowest price at Rugsource.
  • 40% discount on a competitor’s price
Oriental Rugs

Geometric Rug Design in Shiraz

Around Shiraz city, there was a strong dynasty called Achaemenid Empire whose gorgeous and precious monuments are still considerable in Persepolis ruins. 

Throughout history, Shiraz was famous for it’s beautiful gardens. The city is well-known as “the city of rose” as well. In 13th and 14th a. d. two famous poets lived in this city, namely “Hafez” and “Saadi” who were originally from Shiraz and buried there as well. Shiraz is also popular for its beautiful and often geometric rug designs. The “Vakil” bazaar which is the biggest bazaar in Iran, is considered to be in the heart of Shiraz. In this bazaar, the weaved crafts belonging to “Fars” people exist among some other items. 

There are a lot of weavers in Shiraz and  rural areas around the city, who are mostly nomads and often weave rugs. Also the horizontal looms are frequently used in villages. 

The bright soft wool, originated from domestic animals in Fars province, is often used for warp and rug tissues. The design and the pattern used in Shiraz rug tissues,  represent the traditions and tribal habits, meaning that each rug has different pattern according to the tribe in which the rug is weaved. For more explanation, we should imply the Qashqai, Khamse and Lor rugs. Around Shiraz, some Lor tribes live, such as “Mamasani”, “Kujilu” and “Holoku”. The rugs woven in these tribes, have simple designs and have no predetermined patterns, and often are weaved with inspiration. Often, diamond-like medallions in rows are observed, as some sections possess hook-like designs and this is the feature of Qashqai rugs. This geometric rug pattern has become increasingly popular for purchase online in recent years. In urban workshops, there are illustrated rugs associating ancient Persepolis ruins. These illustrated rugs are so much subtle and often fabricated for national markets. 

There are so many rugs having traditional medallion design with many curves and exact schemes. The precise section and composition of the color and also the effect of the colors displays the relationship among current traditional art in nomad tribes.  The color composition includes often bright red, pure white and some dark ones for the background, nowadays major amount of colors are fabricated of plant sources  and this was realized by recognition and recovery of the dyeing methods in the past. 

Often, the so much subtle and detailed Shiraz rugs are called “Mecca” rugs. This name associates the people departing for “Haj”, who asked weavers to fabricate them valuable rugs to dedicate such rugs to Mecca holy mosque. Instead, nowadays the “Shiraz Mecca” rug is a unique brand. Among important producers in Shiraz region and arounds, we can name “ARsanjan”, “Marvdasht” , “Kamin”, “Karbal” and “Sarvestan”. 

Qashqai tribes

In Qashqai culture, the nomad lifestyle is totally conventional and the tribal identity plays and important role, causing Qashqai people live still based on the nomadic lifestyle and wear traditional clothing. 

Raising sheep is the main financial source of these tribes; they possess some species of sheep which are resistant against difficult weather conditions and well adapted to the environment.

Qashqai tents are made of black wool and has several functions: in the winter they put it on a some tall stands which are drained by small rocks and firm on some walls. Likewise in summer, they open one side of the tent decorated by small colorful tags and tufts. The furniture is located right in the end of the tent, resembling a column surrounded by colorful rugs. In summer, you can see a loom located horizontally in the tent which is frequently current among nomads. Qashqai people have a long history of weaving; and women’s competence of weaving  was recorded in many resources in 10th century.  Qashqai women weaves a lot, which can be accounted for a home task and also a financial source, while they did another task in winter. Best types of wool was used in weaving the rugs, the wool was collected in spring and they used to add sometimes camel or goat hairs to the wools. In the priceless samples, the red-dyed silk is used as weft and cotton yarn was used rarely to harden the end-edges of the rugs. 

Generally wool warp is natural and in itself color and weft is used dual and in colored wool in red and sometimes blue. The most common knot is asymmetric that is created open by the left side on a warp that is extremely compressed and symmetric knot is used for complete texture rarely and sometimes is seen on edge of the rug. For tightening the border to become circular, a thick yarn in amount of 8-10 usual warps is used that is decorated by a bicolor string adorned with colorful ribbons. They used herbal colors since the middle of the nineteenth century. The desirable color of Qashqaei was used more, was the red obtained of Ronas that mostly was mixed up with pomegranate hull to achieve a darker color. The other weavers favorite color was yellow that was obtained of pomegranate hull and esparak ( Kavoshk in  Qashqaei) and also vernacular herbs. 

Qashqai rugs mostly were woven in small sizes and the very precious models were Kalgi.  Mostly traditional Iranian patterns like Herati or bush is used for decoration that is used as geometric or simple. 

Overall the main characteristic of Qashqaei rugs and “Qashqaei symbol” is a design that is achieved by combination of old patterns related to tribes with simplified designs of water pool and birds and ShahAbbasi flowers (Nakhli) used in urban rugs and most probably is transferred to immigrant nomads from workshops in Shiraz that were at the peak of flourishing on Zandiye era between years 1759 to 1794. As a result a bergamot in diamond shape with four curved sides has been woven in the center or repeat alternately and vertically and thousands of irregular geometric designs are woven on the background: like red flowers, pyramid, little memling flowers and simplified pictures. 

Another design that is specific for Qahqaei rug, is lion pattern that has a special concept in clan and is symbol of Iran monarchy that nomads were always loyal supporter of that for last centuries. 

In the end, it should be noted that Qashqaeis weave especial kind of rugs that in sanctuary part of them lots of tiny patterns in seen: little animals, colorful roses, serrated leafs, pyramid and diamonds with different sizes. The arch shape of the top of the this rug, existence of trees at the sides and used color chosen remember into the mind Indian Mogl rugs known as Mille-Fleurs  or thousand flowers. In Qahqaei  textures, other traditional patterns also is seen like Moharramat with vertical thin line, the tree of life named plane tree or French roses known as red flower. 

Qashqaeis are also considered as producer of different kinds of saddlebags and kilims with shiny colors and sizes. 

In the south of Iran nomads book, Qashqai tappet tribali persiani, by this writer, it has been explained about it in details.

Oriental Rugs

How Oriental Rugs are Made

Creating an oriental rug is a process that takes several months to a few years to finish by hand. This ancient rug is one of the most desired in the world, representing over 2,500 years of history and craftsmanship in its intricate design. While machines today can make oriental rugs far faster, they lack the uniqueness of being handmade. In addition, they are considered lower in value and not as desired as those made by hand.

Making the Rug by Hand

Making oriental rugs by hand is still an art form, combining thousands of years of learned techniques with natural materials. It all is based on a design plate or comes from the mind of the weaver depending on their experience and skill level.

All rugs have an underlying structure where the pile is connected through a series of knots consisting of warps and wefts.

Warp: This is the strand running vertically on the rug. They are the threads that have knots tied to them for support.

Wefts: They are placed between the warps to keep the knots in place. The weft strand is passed through the warp and then combed and compacted into place. This creates a tight structure of knots which make for a stronger, more durable rug.

The rug’s fringe is the loose ends of the warp that have been tied to keep it together. So, a person creating an oriental rug would have a series of warps or vertical threads in place and weave the wefts or horizontal threads, batten them down, and connect them with the knots. The more knots, the stronger the rug and more valuable it becomes.

Starting an Oriental Rug

Everything starts with the design. This could be a design requested by a customer or quite often the rugs utilize the designs of the local area or tribes. Sometimes, specific diagrams are requested for the weaver to place in the formation of the rug.

Materials: The three most common materials are wool, cotton, and silk. Depending on the region, the hair from goats or camels are used as well. This is because the rug is meant to represent the village, town, or tribe that creates it. And uses the local resources that are available.

  • Wool: The most common material. Soft, durable, and plentiful in most areas
  • Cotton: The preferred material because it is light and strong
  • Silk: More of a specialty material. Often used in oriental rugs that are meant for tapestries

The wool most commonly used mostly comes from the shoulders and underbelly of sheep as it is the softest. Wool of this nature is often combined with silk to create a unique oriental rug. You’ll find that Kurk or Kork wool is the most prized and used in the creation of many Persian rugs.

For the most part, cotton is used for both the warps and wefts in the creation of Persian rugs. This is because cotton is plentiful in Iran but is sometimes imported as well. Cotton that has been mercerized can be used to create a silk-like appearance that is less expensive compared to using silk itself.

Silk is highly prized, but also quite expensive. Silk originally comes from China, but other countries imported the silkworms which resulted in the materials becoming more easily available. Silk has natural fibers that are thin and quite strong, but they are not nearly as durable as wool. A considerable amount of work goes into the creation of silk material, which is why it is mostly used for rugs that will be placed on display or used as tapestries.

Dyes: Arguably the biggest change in oriental rugs over the past century is the use of chemical dyes as opposed to natural types such as those derived from vegetables. There has been considerable controversy over the use of modern dyes, but there is no doubting their advantages. From being easy to obtain to their greater brightness and color selection, modern dyes are now a vital part of the rug creation process.

Natural dyes: Although it may seem counterintuitive, natural dyes actually last longer compared to their chemical counterparts. While the colors selection is more limited and the brightness more muted, there is little doubt that some of the more beautiful colors come from natural sources. They are used for the warps and wefts to create the colorful patterns seen in each rug.

One interesting aspect about using dyes is that the colors become weaker when all the material is dyed in a single pot. This became a desirable goal as no vegetable-based dye could create the color green unless a faded version of blue was combined with yellow.

Making the Rug

Once the design is decided, the dyes have been used, and the warps set up, the weaver will start the process of creating the rug. While the mechanics of making the rug are fairly straightforward, the time-consuming effort is mostly because of the sheer number of hand knots needed to make a quality product. The weaving of the weft into the warp and packing it down takes relatively little time, but the addition of the knots means that the weaver will spend many hours in creating the rug itself.

When the process begins, it must be seen to its finish. Although changes can be made as long as that part of the rug has yet to be completed. Because the tightening process occurs as the rug is being made, once it is completed the rug should be ready for use.

The creation of an oriental rug by hand is a task that may take years to complete based on the size of the finished rug. The amount of materials used, the painstaking effort at tying knots, and the use of dyes both natural and man-made will determine the overall color, quality, and beauty of the finished product. Oriental rugs are a time-honored tradition that reflects the culture of the people who created it while being loved by those who purchase them for their homes or collections.

Oriental Rugs

Oriental Rug Origins

An oriental rug is a hand knotted carpet that originates in the countries that are part of the Oriental world which is mostly located in Asia. Such countries include Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, India, China, Nepal, and Tibet which are the largest producers of oriental rugs. The term oriental rug is really the family of rugs that make up this part of the world. That is why rugs from Iran, which are known as Persian rugs, are considered oriental rugs, too.

This type of rug consists of unique designs, interesting color combination, and most importantly a distinctive knot that holds the rug together. Most rugs are named for their country, region, or even village that they were created. Sometimes they are named after the tribe that created them. Until the 20th century, the rugs were handmade. Today, you’ll find many oriental rugs that are made by machines.

History

The origins of oriental rugs go back to ancient times. Although the exact origin is not known, in 500 B.C. the Pazyric carpet was first crafted in the Achaemenid period. It is arguably that the rugs pre-dated that time by hundreds of years, but these are the earliest examples that either exist or were mentioned in historical records.

Persian carpets were mentioned in Chinese texts that came from the Sassanid period which goes back to 641 CE. Cyrus the Great, ruler of the Persian Empire had his palace decked in many different oriental rugs which drew the admiration of Alexander II of Macedonia when he saw them around Cyrus’ tomb. It should be noted that these rugs are rather primitive in comparison to today’s versions, but the basic approach is still the same.

How Oriental Rugs are Made

How Oriental Rugs are Made

While there are different methods in terms of the materials, colors, ad design, the basic approach is still the same for handmade oriental rugs. The wool, cotton, or silk material is dyed to the desired color, then the threads are weaved together to create the rug. The knots are what hold the rug together, so the more knots you can find in the rug, the more durable and valuable it should be.

In addition, there tends to be more knots in the silk compared to wool due to the delicacy and thickness of the material. Many rugs with silk are mostly used as tapestries or displayed in areas so they will not experience foot traffic. This is why most rugs that are designed to be placed on the floor are crafted from wool or cotton depending on the material that is available in the region.

Over the next thousand years, oriental rugs became more elaborate when incorporating different designs and colors. They also became larger on average as well. One important addition was silk, a material that augmented the wool fibers and is still quite notable even if delicate. It should be noted that each country that produces this type of rug has its own history as well.

Afghanistan & Pakistan

These two countries are joined together thanks to being next-door neighbors with tribes that share similar designs in oriental rugs. Although not produced in Iran, these are considered Persian rugs as well due to the influence in each country. The opening of the Western market has ironically slowed the production of the rugs which used to be for displaying tribal designs and emblems to celebrate the past. One advantage for those looking at purchasing this type of rug is that they are still mostly handmade.

Iran

The country associated with Persian rugs this may be the most prominent birthplace of weaving carpets. The intricate designs, high-quality materials, and vibrant colors make Persian rugs some of the most popular in the world. However, political and social unrest has slowed down the production of the rugs as they are in less demand. Furthermore, countries like the United States have banned the sale of Persian rugs created after 1979 from the country. Still, the Kerman and Tabriz rugs which are the most prominent Persian rugs still sell in good numbers.

India

It may be somewhat surprising that India and not Iran is the largest producer of oriental rugs. The practice of making such rugs arguably came from the Persians who conquered India long ago. What makes rugs from India unique is the wide diversity of design and colors used to create the rugs. While machines have taken over much of the market in terms of producing the rugs, there are still plenty of artisans who create Indian rugs by hand.

China

For many centuries, China has produced a wide array of oriental rugs. Most notably in the early years for kings and the well-to-do. The emblems that were placed in the rug were usually focused on the current emperor of China. Over time, the design of the rugs became more elaborate, but the basic hand-woven technique was still used until the 20th century when machines took their place.

Turkey

Formally one of the most prominent creators of oriental rugs, the decline of Turkish rugs in recent years is arguably due to the lower quality products produced by machines instead of being handmade. Still, the Turkish silk rug is highly prized and has been in demand for many centuries. The several tribes that still inhabit the country make handmade rugs that reflect their unique culture. The long and storied history of Turkish rugs means that they will continue to be in demand for the foreseeable future.

The oriental rug continues to be quite popular around the world. Both as a collector’s item to be displayed and as practical rugs for everyday use. Their durability, style, and impressive designs whether hand made or put together by machine are still in demand worldwide. What was once reserved for kings and the rich is now priced so that most people can afford to have such a run in their home.

For collectors, ancient oriental rugs are in high demand and often fetch a considerable price depending on their origin and condition. This is why oriental rugs will continue to be the most sought-after by everyday people.

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How to Care for Oriental Rugs

It is amazing how oriental rugs can transform a room or hallway, creating a new look that brings back memories of a time long past. A well-crafted oriental rug will last for many years with the proper care. Knowing how to properly clean and care for your rug means that you, your children, and your children’s children will enjoy it for many years to come.

While there have been some changes to how oriental rugs have been made over the past century, the basic craft is still the same. Using natural materials such as wool, the rugs are handmade and each one is unique in terms of design and appearance. Taking care of the rug means both knowing how to clean it and how to prevent damage from happening.

Prevention

The best way to keep dirt from affecting your rug is to limit how much reaches it. One of the best ways to keep dirt from piling up in your rug is to have everyone remove their shoes when entering your home. This not only works for your rug, but for your home as well. If you decide to keep the shoes on, then watch the rug for any signs of dirt or debris buildup and vacuum accordingly

In addition, you should put padding beneath the rug to keep it in place and to prevent the rug from being overly stressed when furniture or other items are placed up it.

Vacuuming

A good oriental rug can be vacuumed with little to no damage if you use the right setting. This is because the vacuum itself only pulls up the dirt, debris, and other contaminants without harming the fibers themselves. You should vacuum the top of the rug every month if it experiences foot traffic and the bottom or back of the rug once or twice a year.

Beating the Rug

The ancient technique of hanging an oriental rug and beating it to remove the dirt is still quite effective. In fact, vacuuming is a form of beating the rug. If you want to thoroughly clean it without actually using a stick, take the rug outside and vacuum it several times on both sides. Or, you can hand the rug off a clothes ling and use the appropriate instruments to beat out the dirt.

Professional Cleaning

While some may avoid this type of cleaning for fear that it may damage the rug, there are good reasons to take it in every so often for a proper cleaning.

  • Remove dirt and debris too deep for vacuuming
  • Destroy wool moths
  • Remove stains or other discoloration from the rug

Wool moths are small but can do a considerable amount of damage if left unchecked. If you see patches of wool missing, holes, or their white larvae, then you will need the rug professionally cleaned to remove the wool moths.

Light on the Shampoo

A proper shampooing of the rug starts with as little shampoo as needed. This is because the soap in the shampoo can cling to the wool fibers and cause discoloration. So, the goal is to use just enough shampoo to break the surface tension of the water, but not enough to leave behind any residue.

Information, Oriental Rugs

Anatomy of Oriental Rugs

For centuries, oriental rugs were used in tents, homes, and palaces to provide warmth, comfort, and a soft floor. Over time, the inherent value of the oriental rug started to be appreciated throughout the world. The high quality, attention to detail, and fine materials used have made this type of rug one of the most sought-after. The evolution of the oriental rug from its humble origins is based not only on the design, but on the anatomy of the rug itself.

History

It is not known when the first oriental rugs were created, but the oldest surviving rug dates back to the 5th century B.C. The rugs have evolved over time, getting more elaborate in design along with the use of materials. They are handcrafted over time, sometimes years, and create a story with their design that is imbued with the culture and environment from which the rug has been made.

That’s why there are so many different types of oriental rugs because their design and materials are classified by the region from which they were created. Which is the reason why an oriental rug made in North Africa is different than one made in the Middle East which is different than one made in Central Asia.

Authentic oriental rugs date back past the first century A.D. and must come from the North African, Middle Eastern, or Central Asia region to be considered this type of rug. While the simpler rugs created in the early days might have taken weeks to produce, the larger, more elaborate rugs took a year or longer using the hand-woven techniques of the time.

The materials which are used are natural, such as wool, cotton, and silk. In some areas such as China and Russia, you may find rugs that incorporate horsehair or yak hair which denotes what was available in that area. Most rugs have a similar construction in that the fibers are spun and stretched to create strands called a ply. The more ply present, the stronger the rug.

Cotton tends to be the foundation of most rugs consisting of the warp and weft threads as it is stronger than wool. The wool tends to shrink, but is quite common, so it fills out the remainder of the rug. Because silk is so fragile, it is generally used for tapestries and rugs that hang on the wall.

Dyes

Natural dyes that are made from plant roots, such as oak, onion, and the like date back to when the rugs were first created. Artificial dyes started to be included around the 1860s and became more popular as they became less expensive to create. Artificial dyes are now commonplace, although there is now a revival in some parts of the world with using natural dyes.

Elements

From the outside going in, most oriental rugs have a design that consists of the selvedge or outer secondary border. The selvedge is where the warp is tied to prevent the rug from unravelling. A large, main border and then another secondary border that usually surrounds the design element in the middle.

The medallion in the center is usually one of distinctive design which may have a pendant design above, below, or both. The four corners of the inner secondary border are often places for design elements to be included. The main border is the area between the outer and inner secondary boarder and may have design or color patterns in place.

Terms

A better understanding of oriental rugs starts with the history and the terminology used in the creation of the rug itself. What follows are a few of the more common terms that you will find associated with the rug.

Kilim: This is an oriental rug design that is flat and does not reveal any knots. However, you can see the space between the warp threads. Kilim rugs are often used for covering the floor although some designs make them perfect as tapestries. They lack the durability of a pile rug however, which is why they are more used for horse blankets and prayer rugs.

Pile Woven: This is a strong, durable rug that does show off the knots used in its construction. It may be used like a Kilim but is more often found on the floor as a traditional rug.

Pile: Threading a yarn around two or more strings of warp and then tamped down which creates a row. When the threads are severed, they create a surface which is raised. Either a Turkish or Persian knot is used to create the pile. The Turkish one is more common and symmetrical while the Persian is asymmetrical and allows for elaborate design patterns.

What follows are a few other terms that you may run across when looking over oriental rugs.

  • Abrash: A terms that refers to the fading of color inside a rug
  • Jufti Knot: Wrapped around four strings, does not last very long
  • Warp: Horizontal yarn
  • Weft: Vertical strands

It is true that the more knots per square inch (kpsi), the longer lasting the rug will be. That is why you should shop for rugs that have a higher kpsi level.

How to Choose the Right Oriental Rug

Since you should expect to pay upwards of $5000 for an 8’ x 10’ rug, this should be seen as more of an investment. This means you will need to do a little work to get what you need.

The first step starts with the place that you are going to place the rug. Measure it so you know what size you need. You’ll want the rug to end about a foot from the wall depending on your needs, so keep that in mind when measuring. You may want to take a photo to ensure the rug you get matches what you have.

Once you have that, then you should focus on the type of design that catches your eye, the age of the rug, and overall quality to ensure that it will last for a long time to come.

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Oriental Rug Cleaning

Oriental rugs are handmade and unique, which is why the art of cleaning them is so important to get right. While most forms of cleaning will age the materials of the rug, wearing them down which in time causes the colors to fade. An oriental rug must be cleaned when needed to prevent the trapped dirt and debris from causing even more damage.

The key is finding the right method that cleans the rug properly while causing a minimal amount of wear and tear. The method that many oriental rug owners use is the handwash process which cleans the rug with a minimum of wear.

Why Handwash Instead of Machine Wash?

Oriental Rug Cleaning

There are good reasons why handwashing is generally considered the best method. This is not only because it has been performed for hundreds of years, but there are other considerations as well.

Handwashing allows for the rug to be cleaned in terms of how much dirt and debris have built up in the fibers. This means that each rug is individually treated, so that it can be cleaned with a minimal amount of wear or damage. Some of the factors that go into hand cleaning a rug include the following;

  • Rug Type
  • Age of Rug
  • Overall Condition

A rug is assessed to determine how the handwashing will proceed. With professional rug cleaning companies, they will treat such rugs in the following manner;

  • Wash One at a Time: Prevents mixing with other rugs
  • Perform Dye Test: To ensure the colors do not run
  • Water Temperature & pH Levels Checked: A formula for each rug is created

Handwashing includes fully immersing the rug in the water and cleaning solution for maximum effect. Because the rug is not mixed with other rugs, there is no transfer or dyes or colors which otherwise might affect your rug. Plus, the handwashing process allows for the rug to be fully cleaned and gently rinsed.

Afterwards, the rug is air dried which protects the fibers. While using fans to circulate the air does little harm to the rug, blowers that press against the rug may cause some damage, especially if heat is used as well.

Why Machine Washing is Not Good

You may find in your community rug cleaners who primarily use machines to wash rugs. This is understandable for many types of common rugs because machines can clean several at a time. However, for the cleaning of oriental rugs, you’ll want to avoid such methods.

Harsh Conditions: The inside of a typical machine that washes rugs can be quite brutal. A combination of contact with the machine parts and the chemicals that are used may do significant damage to the components of your rug. Even when no chemicals are used, the processes of the machine itself may be more than enough to damage the rug.

No Individual Care: Handwashing means that areas of the rug which may have greater wear will get a more delicate treatment compared to other, stronger parts of the rug. A machine cannot make the distinction between such areas, so it washes the rug the same from top to bottom. The result is a rug with greater wear and tear, especially in vulnerable places.

Dye Transfer: If one of the several rugs being cleaned at the same time bleeds out its colors, then it will be transferred to your rug. Since it is often difficult to impossible to know which rugs are vulnerable to losing their dyes, your rug may be stained because it is being washed together with other rugs.

It’s not surprising that even modern oriental rugs can be damaged with just one machine washing. An ancient rug might fall apart depending on its condition. That is why a handwashing approach is recommended.

You might ask why so many professional cleaning companies forego handwashing and use machines even though they may damage oriental rugs. The answer is one of economics, both in terms of time and expense. It is simply easier to toss a rug in with other rugs into a machine and press the start button. Washing just one rug at a time as opposed to ten means far fewer rugs are going to be cleaned.

Handwashing not only takes more time, it takes people who understand how to properly clean a rug which both protects the fibers while removing the dirt, stains, and debris. A good professional rug cleaning company will have both machine and handwashing areas available to separate the run-of-the-mill inexpensive rugs from oriental rugs that need special care.

Finding the Right Professional Cleaner for Your Oriental Rug

If you do not want to wash the rug yourself, then finding a good rug cleaner is the answer. When checking out professional cleaners in your community, you will need to use the following guidelines.

  • Cleaning of Rugs by Hand
  • Top Rated by Better Business Bureau (BBB)
  • Has National Certification

These are the minimum standards you should hold any professional cleaning company to when it comes to the care of your rug. Cleaning rugs by hand means that it does not come into contact with the metal parts of a machine and receives far less wear. An A+ rating from BBB means that they maintain high standards and offer excellent customer service. Plus, a national certification demonstrates that their cleaning services are recognized.

If you want your oriental rug cleaned properly using handwashing methods, then you should find the right professional company that does the job. It may be somewhat expensive, but a typical oriental rug only needs occasional cleaning if you take care of it properly.

It is true that handwashing is a more time-consuming and arguably more expensive process, but the results are well worth the efforts. Not only does the handwashing remove the dirt and debris, it also protects the rug fibers, so that it stays as strong and durable as before it was cleaned. For protecting oriental rugs during the cleaning process, you’ll want to use the handwash method which a proper professional company provides.

Oriental Rugs, Persian, Turkish

Rug Myths

If every rug tells a story, some are more truthful than others. When shopping for Turkish rugs or Persian rugs, you may hear the dealer tells a little tale about the history of the rug itself. Perhaps it’s true or perhaps it’s just interesting, but whatever the case stories about rugs tend to grow over time until they take on a life of their own.

What follows are a few myths that have been spread about Oriental rugs which need to be straightened out before you go shopping for one on your own.

Use Rug Pads
One weird myth is that rug pads somehow damage the rug. Actually, rug pads keep the rug from slipping which increases their life and protects their value. The rug will also feel thicker, smooth out any bumps or dips in the floor, and perhaps most importantly absorb the noise of foot traffic. Of course, you should only choose the right pads for your rug to get the most out of them. Poor rug pads may indeed do damage to the rug, so only purchase the quality ones.

Design Does Not Identify an Oriental Rug
The design of the rug is just one of several components that identify it, such as Persian rugs or Turkish rugs.

  • Construction
  • Type of Knots
  • Type of Signature
  • Age or Textile
  • Origin

All these factors go towards identifying a rug.

Age Does Not Mean a Rug is More Expensive
Being an old rug helps, but it’s the condition that is the determining factor in how much it is worth. An old rug that is in poor condition will not be worth much at all. Even an old rug in good condition does not make it valuable if it does not have any artistic qualities. It may seem counterintuitive, but an old rug that can be restored will have its value increase.

Rugs Do Not Always Appreciate in Value
Most rugs that were created after World War II have not appreciated in value higher than the inflation rate. In fact, due to the sheer number of new rugs being produced, most people paid more in the 1960s and 1970s compared to today. Plus, the rugs will vary in price depending on demand, so what was once scarce and expensive yesterday may be unpopular and cheap today.

The Number of Knots is Not the Best Indication of Value
This is one of the more popular stories in that the more knots that are in a rug, the greater its value. The truth is that while the number of knots may be important, there are several other determining factors. The overall quality, design, and demand will play larger roles in determining the value of the rug. But it is generally true that the more knots, the better the quality assuming that the rug itself is still in good condition.

Put a Protector on the Rug
There is one persistent myth about not putting a protector on the rug because it will damage the pile and threads. This is not true as rug protectors are quite good at repelling dirt, dust, and possible stains while not damaging the rug itself. A proper rug protector will not stop all stains from occurring, but it will help protect the value of the rug and make it easier to clean.

Don’t Put Silk Rugs on the Floor
Silk is not only delicate, but expensive which is why they should be displayed on the wall or kept in proper storage. Silk is also not very durable and will not last as long compared to wool. Worse, once a silk rug is soiled, it can be quite difficult to fully clean and restore them to their original appearance. There is little doubt that a silk rug is beautiful and make the perfect display for your wall, so keep them off the floor.

You Should Vacuum Oriental Rugs
Because most of the dirt and debris that gets embedded in rugs can damage the pile and threads, vacuuming will help lower the threat. You can combine vacuuming with occasional professional cleaning depending on how much soil gets embedded in the rug. Just remember not to vacuum the fringe as it might become damaged by the brushes.

Wet-Cleaning is Okay, too
If the rug is well-constructed, the proper wet cleaning should be fine. There should be a colorfast test before you wet clean to ensure the colors do not run. You should also bring the rug to a professional cleaner and not have it done at home. Unless you store your rug or hang it from the wall, expect to wet clean it every three to four years depending on the amount of dirt and stains that it builds up over that time.

Use Professional Cleaning Services
Unless you have been cleaning rugs for years with good results, it is best to leave such services to the professionals. You’ll want to hire a company that has experience in cleaning Oriental rugs both new and not so new. You’ll want to take the rug to their location, so their equipment can be used for proper cleaning. The good companies will use products that are safe not only for the rug, but for your home as well. This means that they will take care of your rug to ensure its value.

Persian Rugs are Not Necessarily the Best Rugs
There is little doubt that Persian rugs are popular, but that is in part due to the embargo that took place from 1979 to 1999. While Persian rugs might have been the best before 1979, their overall quality has not improved while rugs from other areas, such as Turkish rugs, have risen in quality. While there are still high-quality Persian rugs being made, they are not necessarily the best.

If you own Turkish rugs, Persian rugs, or other varieties of Oriental rugs, you’ll want to know the facts about how to judge their value, how to keep them clean, and how to protect them so that you can maintain their value over time.

Antique Rugs, Oriental Rugs

Antique Oriental Rugs

There is little doubt that oriental rugs are quite popular around the world. This is especially true of antique oriental rugs, some of which fetch a high price on the auction block. Every so often, stories of people finding antique rugs in second-hand stores for a low price only to sell for ten or more times on the auction block has helped to fuel the demand for this type of rug.

Created from hand-spun wool and augmented by the metals and minerals from the tribe and location from which they are made, antique oriental rugs are long-lasting and quite beautiful in their design. It is a labor-intensive task to create a full-size rug, often taking one person years to complete. Most were made to line the floor of tents, keeping out the dust and dirt while providing a comfortable space to walk and lay down. Their intricate designs representing the tribe and location from which they were crafted.

Definition

Area rugs that were created in Asia are considered oriental rugs. This covers a wide range of new and antique rugs that are on the market today. In addition, the term oriental may describe particular types of patterns found on the rug which are common among those produced in Asia. For over two thousand years, Oriental rugs have been produced which means that the market contains many antique rugs as well.

Rugs of this nature are defined by the area in which they were created. In this case it would be Asia which includes the Middle East, Persia, India, China, and surrounding areas. The rugs made from this area are often called “Eastern” and flourished in the golden age of Islamic culture. Because they are hand-woven, no two carpets are identical even if they were made to be so. Machine-made rugs are too precise and lack the charm and patina of the original versions.

While many see antique oriental rugs as collectors items, they have many other uses as well. For those of durable construction, they are used to cover an unsightly-looking floor, to set boundaries in a room, or define a space. To paraphrase a famous quote, oriental rugs can really tie the room together. Because they are in such demand, this type of rug has been evolving over the past century to meet the needs of homeowners along with collectors.

New technology, dyes, and manufacturing techniques have changed the way many rugs are constructed, but the antique rugs retain their roots as hand-crafted items. The modern era began around the turn of the 20th century when the demand for oriental rugs rose sharply in the Western world. By the 1930s, the new materials, weaving techniques, and overall design of new rugs made it easy to tell them apart from the antique rugs.

Whether as a floor covering, a wall hanging, or a decorative item, antique oriental rugs are considered works of art which means that they are in demand by collectors.

Popularity

Oriental rugs have been a part of Asian culture for thousands of years thanks to their beautiful designs that are quite durable. They became popular in Europe thanks to the Silk Road which spread the culture of the East into the West. Many kings, dukes, and the wealthy collected oriental rugs for their palaces and estates.

How to Shop Online for Ancient Oriental Rugs

It’s not just about the selection, it’s about finding the right rugs from areas in the world that are in high demand. Most notably antique rugs from the Far East, including China, Tibet, Mongolia, East Turkestan, and even India. Finding the right location and having access to the selection available is crucial for making the right investment.

The diversity of oriental rugs means that you can find those that compliment your home. Whether hung on the wall to display their abstract patterns or baroque designs that are more commonly found in Europe, the right selection makes all the difference. From Chinese art deco to Ningxia rugs and more, there are many intricate and beautiful designs waiting for you.

The demand for this type of rug has only increased over the past century with so many desiring to have it in their homes. This is in large part because of the inherent beauty of the oriental rugs that make them the perfect addition. Of course, the collectable and reselling aspect of antique rugs should not be overlooked as in a recent auction at Sotheby’s in New York City fetched almost $34 million for one rug.

Identifying Antique Oriental Rugs

For the rug to be considered an antique, it must be over 80 years ago and use hand-crafted techniques in their construction. This can be difficult to determine at times because some modern oriental rugs are constructed to appear to be old but are still made by machines. The true difference lies in the quality of hand-crafted processes that will last for a long time.

While the term oriental rugs covers a wide area of Asia, the antique versions usually refer to those produced in the Far East. These are rugs that have less of the western influence and sport medallions, intricate patterns that repeat, botanical motifs that are often stylized, and spandrels that create a style which is distinctly from the Far East.

You may also find depictions of animals, natural motifs, and flowers on the rugs that are usually tied together with a single concept. A Chinese dragon rug for example explores the myths of the culture while remaining firmly grounded in reality. The distinctions between the rugs come from the fact that they are produced by different tribes.

Thanks to the mass-production of new rugs. The antique oriental rugs are in higher demand that ever. Using ancient techniques, materials, and dyes, the construction of the antique rugs make them highly desired for collectors and for those who want a beautiful rug to decorate their home. It’s also true that antique oriental rugs are pieces of history that define the culture of the tribe and location in which they were made.

Oriental Rugs

Oriental Rugs as an Investment

It’s not surprising with so many collectables on the market that oriental rugs is considered by some to be a worthwhile investment. After all, there are stories about how an oriental rug sat in a shop for months, if not years at a low price, only to be discovered that it was worth far more. While there are still oriental rugs available that are undervalued, the chances of striking it rich with a single purchase is about as slim as winning the lottery.

However, just because big payoffs are rare does not mean that oriental rugs are a poor investment. As with most collectable items, their value builds gradually over time as the supply becomes scarce and the demand grows. Just keep in mind that for the most part the profits will be far smaller.

Dealers

Most oriental rugs are sold by knowledgeable dealers who understand the basic value of the rugs they are selling. This mean that finding a rug which is considerably undervalued is quite rare. Dealers generally buy wholesale and then set the price at double what they paid for retail. When you think about it, that’s not much of a profit to make double what is paid. Particularly when you consider the other costs involved.

Furthermore, for those who want to sell their rugs, they will have to do so at wholesale prices to dealers or private buyers. Since dealers and private buyers make up most of the rug market, a person wanting to buy a rug for a discount.

Auction Houses

Here, you will bid against private buyers and dealers to purchase oriental rugs. The good news is that major auction houses provide the opportunity to purchase a real bargain. Some rugs will sell for far below their value while others will go for well above what is considered a good retail price.

It’s possible to hit big with a purchase depending on the value of the rug and others overlooking its potential. However, it’s also quite possible that you may be stuck with an overvalued rug. This is because those who are in charge of rugs at major auction houses will place estimates on their value. However, because so many rugs pass through their auction house, they only put estimates on so many rugs. They do find out based on sales how accurate their appraisals came to be.

This is because the rugs are appraised at different values, but generally do not sell out. This is because dealers and private buyers are only willing to spend so much, so roughly 30% of all the rugs do not sell at all. Add to this the fact that some rugs will sell below the minimum estimated amount. Keep in mind that there is a bottom line or reserve price which means that the rugs will not sell for lower than its purchase price.

So, it can be expected that around half the rugs put up for auction will not sell in their estimated range or not sell at all. While a 50% average may sound low, it would be difficult to those who are not experts in appraisals to do any better.

Downside of Auction Houses

In addition to possibly overpaying for a rug, there is the issue of losing up to 10% with your purchase which does not include the commission that the auction house receives. Many auctions will have competitors who will bid with you for the rug. This means that you might pay a little higher than planned because the other bidder, sometimes called an underbidder, also wants the rug at the price you desire.

This means that you wind up paying a little more than expected which cuts into your potential profits. While the loss may seem negligible at first, it does start to add up with the number of rugs that you eventually win at the auction. Unless no one else wants the rug, you should expect to pay a little more than your desired price.

Changing Trends

As with most collectables, the different types of oriental rugs fall in and out of favor over time. Generally speaking, while good rugs will increase in value over time, some types of rugs will enjoy a boost of interest which increases their value even further. This means that if you buy a particular type of oriental rug that is out of favor, you can sell it for a higher than expected price if it comes back into favor.

Of course, the ability the predict the different types that will be in demand is a trait that few, if any possess. But it is something to keep in mind if you are purchasing a wide array of rugs for potential future sale.

Are Oriental Rugs Worth the Effort to Invest?

Despite all the issues and risk associated with oriental rugs, they do make for good investing opportunities. While you wouldn’t want to plan your retirement on them, they do have the potential to return a tidy sum if you do your homework. This means looking at trends in the prices of oriental rugs depending on their origin.

Keep in mind that even if you become quite good at appraising value, that auctions are still quite risky in terms of what you can make. You are better off finding a good, knowledgeable, and honest dealer that can provide expert advice and help guide your purchases. This is especially true if they let you use your purchase as credit for buying an additional rug in the future.

Remember that there are some parts of the world where this type of rug is being made, but not discovered by the outside world such as southeast Asia. Buying up a few rugs from areas of the world that are not front and center in terms of trends may pay off at a future date. Unfortunately, you never know when that date might arrive, so be sure to mix your purchases between solid sellers which make less money and more risky purchases at lower prices that might pay off well.