Oriental Rugs, Persian, Turkish

Rug Myths

If every rug tells a story, some are more truthful than others. When shopping for Turkish rugs or Persian rugs, you may hear the dealer tells a little tale about the history of the rug itself. Perhaps it’s true or perhaps it’s just interesting, but whatever the case stories about rugs tend to grow over time until they take on a life of their own.

What follows are a few myths that have been spread about Oriental rugs which need to be straightened out before you go shopping for one on your own.

Use Rug Pads
One weird myth is that rug pads somehow damage the rug. Actually, rug pads keep the rug from slipping which increases their life and protects their value. The rug will also feel thicker, smooth out any bumps or dips in the floor, and perhaps most importantly absorb the noise of foot traffic. Of course, you should only choose the right pads for your rug to get the most out of them. Poor rug pads may indeed do damage to the rug, so only purchase the quality ones.

Design Does Not Identify an Oriental Rug
The design of the rug is just one of several components that identify it, such as Persian rugs or Turkish rugs.

  • Construction
  • Type of Knots
  • Type of Signature
  • Age or Textile
  • Origin

All these factors go towards identifying a rug.

Age Does Not Mean a Rug is More Expensive
Being an old rug helps, but it’s the condition that is the determining factor in how much it is worth. An old rug that is in poor condition will not be worth much at all. Even an old rug in good condition does not make it valuable if it does not have any artistic qualities. It may seem counterintuitive, but an old rug that can be restored will have its value increase.

Rugs Do Not Always Appreciate in Value
Most rugs that were created after World War II have not appreciated in value higher than the inflation rate. In fact, due to the sheer number of new rugs being produced, most people paid more in the 1960s and 1970s compared to today. Plus, the rugs will vary in price depending on demand, so what was once scarce and expensive yesterday may be unpopular and cheap today.

The Number of Knots is Not the Best Indication of Value
This is one of the more popular stories in that the more knots that are in a rug, the greater its value. The truth is that while the number of knots may be important, there are several other determining factors. The overall quality, design, and demand will play larger roles in determining the value of the rug. But it is generally true that the more knots, the better the quality assuming that the rug itself is still in good condition.

Put a Protector on the Rug
There is one persistent myth about not putting a protector on the rug because it will damage the pile and threads. This is not true as rug protectors are quite good at repelling dirt, dust, and possible stains while not damaging the rug itself. A proper rug protector will not stop all stains from occurring, but it will help protect the value of the rug and make it easier to clean.

Don’t Put Silk Rugs on the Floor
Silk is not only delicate, but expensive which is why they should be displayed on the wall or kept in proper storage. Silk is also not very durable and will not last as long compared to wool. Worse, once a silk rug is soiled, it can be quite difficult to fully clean and restore them to their original appearance. There is little doubt that a silk rug is beautiful and make the perfect display for your wall, so keep them off the floor.

You Should Vacuum Oriental Rugs
Because most of the dirt and debris that gets embedded in rugs can damage the pile and threads, vacuuming will help lower the threat. You can combine vacuuming with occasional professional cleaning depending on how much soil gets embedded in the rug. Just remember not to vacuum the fringe as it might become damaged by the brushes.

Wet-Cleaning is Okay, too
If the rug is well-constructed, the proper wet cleaning should be fine. There should be a colorfast test before you wet clean to ensure the colors do not run. You should also bring the rug to a professional cleaner and not have it done at home. Unless you store your rug or hang it from the wall, expect to wet clean it every three to four years depending on the amount of dirt and stains that it builds up over that time.

Use Professional Cleaning Services
Unless you have been cleaning rugs for years with good results, it is best to leave such services to the professionals. You’ll want to hire a company that has experience in cleaning Oriental rugs both new and not so new. You’ll want to take the rug to their location, so their equipment can be used for proper cleaning. The good companies will use products that are safe not only for the rug, but for your home as well. This means that they will take care of your rug to ensure its value.

Persian Rugs are Not Necessarily the Best Rugs
There is little doubt that Persian rugs are popular, but that is in part due to the embargo that took place from 1979 to 1999. While Persian rugs might have been the best before 1979, their overall quality has not improved while rugs from other areas, such as Turkish rugs, have risen in quality. While there are still high-quality Persian rugs being made, they are not necessarily the best.

If you own Turkish rugs, Persian rugs, or other varieties of Oriental rugs, you’ll want to know the facts about how to judge their value, how to keep them clean, and how to protect them so that you can maintain their value over time.

Antique Rugs, Oriental Rugs

Antique Oriental Rugs

There is little doubt that oriental rugs are quite popular around the world. This is especially true of antique oriental rugs, some of which fetch a high price on the auction block. Every so often, stories of people finding antique rugs in second-hand stores for a low price only to sell for ten or more times on the auction block has helped to fuel the demand for this type of rug.

Created from hand-spun wool and augmented by the metals and minerals from the tribe and location from which they are made, antique oriental rugs are long-lasting and quite beautiful in their design. It is a labor-intensive task to create a full-size rug, often taking one person years to complete. Most were made to line the floor of tents, keeping out the dust and dirt while providing a comfortable space to walk and lay down. Their intricate designs representing the tribe and location from which they were crafted.


Area rugs that were created in Asia are considered oriental rugs. This covers a wide range of new and antique rugs that are on the market today. In addition, the term oriental may describe particular types of patterns found on the rug which are common among those produced in Asia. For over two thousand years, Oriental rugs have been produced which means that the market contains many antique rugs as well.

Rugs of this nature are defined by the area in which they were created. In this case it would be Asia which includes the Middle East, Persia, India, China, and surrounding areas. The rugs made from this area are often called “Eastern” and flourished in the golden age of Islamic culture. Because they are hand-woven, no two carpets are identical even if they were made to be so. Machine-made rugs are too precise and lack the charm and patina of the original versions.

While many see antique oriental rugs as collectors items, they have many other uses as well. For those of durable construction, they are used to cover an unsightly-looking floor, to set boundaries in a room, or define a space. To paraphrase a famous quote, oriental rugs can really tie the room together. Because they are in such demand, this type of rug has been evolving over the past century to meet the needs of homeowners along with collectors.

New technology, dyes, and manufacturing techniques have changed the way many rugs are constructed, but the antique rugs retain their roots as hand-crafted items. The modern era began around the turn of the 20th century when the demand for oriental rugs rose sharply in the Western world. By the 1930s, the new materials, weaving techniques, and overall design of new rugs made it easy to tell them apart from the antique rugs.

Whether as a floor covering, a wall hanging, or a decorative item, antique oriental rugs are considered works of art which means that they are in demand by collectors.


Oriental rugs have been a part of Asian culture for thousands of years thanks to their beautiful designs that are quite durable. They became popular in Europe thanks to the Silk Road which spread the culture of the East into the West. Many kings, dukes, and the wealthy collected oriental rugs for their palaces and estates.

How to Shop Online for Ancient Oriental Rugs

It’s not just about the selection, it’s about finding the right rugs from areas in the world that are in high demand. Most notably antique rugs from the Far East, including China, Tibet, Mongolia, East Turkestan, and even India. Finding the right location and having access to the selection available is crucial for making the right investment.

The diversity of oriental rugs means that you can find those that compliment your home. Whether hung on the wall to display their abstract patterns or baroque designs that are more commonly found in Europe, the right selection makes all the difference. From Chinese art deco to Ningxia rugs and more, there are many intricate and beautiful designs waiting for you.

The demand for this type of rug has only increased over the past century with so many desiring to have it in their homes. This is in large part because of the inherent beauty of the oriental rugs that make them the perfect addition. Of course, the collectable and reselling aspect of antique rugs should not be overlooked as in a recent auction at Sotheby’s in New York City fetched almost $34 million for one rug.

Identifying Antique Oriental Rugs

For the rug to be considered an antique, it must be over 80 years ago and use hand-crafted techniques in their construction. This can be difficult to determine at times because some modern oriental rugs are constructed to appear to be old but are still made by machines. The true difference lies in the quality of hand-crafted processes that will last for a long time.

While the term oriental rugs covers a wide area of Asia, the antique versions usually refer to those produced in the Far East. These are rugs that have less of the western influence and sport medallions, intricate patterns that repeat, botanical motifs that are often stylized, and spandrels that create a style which is distinctly from the Far East.

You may also find depictions of animals, natural motifs, and flowers on the rugs that are usually tied together with a single concept. A Chinese dragon rug for example explores the myths of the culture while remaining firmly grounded in reality. The distinctions between the rugs come from the fact that they are produced by different tribes.

Thanks to the mass-production of new rugs. The antique oriental rugs are in higher demand that ever. Using ancient techniques, materials, and dyes, the construction of the antique rugs make them highly desired for collectors and for those who want a beautiful rug to decorate their home. It’s also true that antique oriental rugs are pieces of history that define the culture of the tribe and location in which they were made.

Oriental Rugs

Oriental Rugs as an Investment

It’s not surprising with so many collectables on the market that oriental rugs is considered by some to be a worthwhile investment. After all, there are stories about how an oriental rug sat in a shop for months, if not years at a low price, only to be discovered that it was worth far more. While there are still oriental rugs available that are undervalued, the chances of striking it rich with a single purchase is about as slim as winning the lottery.

However, just because big payoffs are rare does not mean that oriental rugs are a poor investment. As with most collectable items, their value builds gradually over time as the supply becomes scarce and the demand grows. Just keep in mind that for the most part the profits will be far smaller.


Most oriental rugs are sold by knowledgeable dealers who understand the basic value of the rugs they are selling. This mean that finding a rug which is considerably undervalued is quite rare. Dealers generally buy wholesale and then set the price at double what they paid for retail. When you think about it, that’s not much of a profit to make double what is paid. Particularly when you consider the other costs involved.

Furthermore, for those who want to sell their rugs, they will have to do so at wholesale prices to dealers or private buyers. Since dealers and private buyers make up most of the rug market, a person wanting to buy a rug for a discount.

Auction Houses

Here, you will bid against private buyers and dealers to purchase oriental rugs. The good news is that major auction houses provide the opportunity to purchase a real bargain. Some rugs will sell for far below their value while others will go for well above what is considered a good retail price.

It’s possible to hit big with a purchase depending on the value of the rug and others overlooking its potential. However, it’s also quite possible that you may be stuck with an overvalued rug. This is because those who are in charge of rugs at major auction houses will place estimates on their value. However, because so many rugs pass through their auction house, they only put estimates on so many rugs. They do find out based on sales how accurate their appraisals came to be.

This is because the rugs are appraised at different values, but generally do not sell out. This is because dealers and private buyers are only willing to spend so much, so roughly 30% of all the rugs do not sell at all. Add to this the fact that some rugs will sell below the minimum estimated amount. Keep in mind that there is a bottom line or reserve price which means that the rugs will not sell for lower than its purchase price.

So, it can be expected that around half the rugs put up for auction will not sell in their estimated range or not sell at all. While a 50% average may sound low, it would be difficult to those who are not experts in appraisals to do any better.

Downside of Auction Houses

In addition to possibly overpaying for a rug, there is the issue of losing up to 10% with your purchase which does not include the commission that the auction house receives. Many auctions will have competitors who will bid with you for the rug. This means that you might pay a little higher than planned because the other bidder, sometimes called an underbidder, also wants the rug at the price you desire.

This means that you wind up paying a little more than expected which cuts into your potential profits. While the loss may seem negligible at first, it does start to add up with the number of rugs that you eventually win at the auction. Unless no one else wants the rug, you should expect to pay a little more than your desired price.

Changing Trends

As with most collectables, the different types of oriental rugs fall in and out of favor over time. Generally speaking, while good rugs will increase in value over time, some types of rugs will enjoy a boost of interest which increases their value even further. This means that if you buy a particular type of oriental rug that is out of favor, you can sell it for a higher than expected price if it comes back into favor.

Of course, the ability the predict the different types that will be in demand is a trait that few, if any possess. But it is something to keep in mind if you are purchasing a wide array of rugs for potential future sale.

Are Oriental Rugs Worth the Effort to Invest?

Despite all the issues and risk associated with oriental rugs, they do make for good investing opportunities. While you wouldn’t want to plan your retirement on them, they do have the potential to return a tidy sum if you do your homework. This means looking at trends in the prices of oriental rugs depending on their origin.

Keep in mind that even if you become quite good at appraising value, that auctions are still quite risky in terms of what you can make. You are better off finding a good, knowledgeable, and honest dealer that can provide expert advice and help guide your purchases. This is especially true if they let you use your purchase as credit for buying an additional rug in the future.

Remember that there are some parts of the world where this type of rug is being made, but not discovered by the outside world such as southeast Asia. Buying up a few rugs from areas of the world that are not front and center in terms of trends may pay off at a future date. Unfortunately, you never know when that date might arrive, so be sure to mix your purchases between solid sellers which make less money and more risky purchases at lower prices that might pay off well.

Kilim Rugs

Kilim Rugs

While the term Oriental rugs covers many different types, Kilim rugs can be considered in a class by themselves. This is because of their popularity, style, and unique construction which makes a Kilim rug one that many will desire to own.

What are Kilim Rugs?

The term Kilim comes from the Turks. It describes a rug of unique construction, made from a pileless textile that is created by using many flatweaving techniques that emanate from Africa across the Middle East to Asia. The specific countries where such rugs originate include the following;

  • North Africa
  • Balkans
  • Turkey: Including Thrace and Anatolia
  • Caucasus
  • Central Asia: Including Afghanistan, Pakistan, and China

A Kilim rug might be considered an Oriental rug and it certainly falls with the geographic family. However, most people who are familiar with this type of rug will usually put the Kilim in a separate classification.

Materials & Tools

While seemingly complicated in design, this type of rug is made from simple materials and a straightforward weaving process. The basics needed to weave the rug are a loom, knife or scissors for cutting, a beating comb, and a shuttle although the latter is not required.

Wool is the primary material since it is quite strong, durable, and can be easily weaved. You may also find silk, animal hair, such as camel, horse, or goat, and cotton as part of the mixture of materials with the wool. In addition, some of the decorative items includes beads, baubles, and gold or silver thread to help set a particular rug apart. However, for the most part wool is used which is colored to create the many different patterns that are seen on the rug.

Wool: Probably the most popular reason that wool is used is because the material is plentiful in the region. The strength and durability are the major reasons why wool is so appropriate for this type of rug. However, it can also be easily dyed to create a wide variety of colors. Both for warps and wefts, wool is the primary material. However, there are Kilim rugs that use cotton for the warps.

Cotton: Cotton is also plentiful in the region which combined with its durability makes it perfect for the warps that help create Kilim rugs. It also helps that cotton can be threaded into fine strands for more intricate designs that make each rug unique. It can interweave with wool easily and it holds up over time with minimal maintenance and cleaning.

Silk: While highly desired, silk is not that commonly used in the rug design and only in certain parts of the world. For the most part, silk is used in the Anatolia region of Turkey, most notably int eh Kayseri district where silk is regarded as a status symbol that was woven into the rugs they created.

Animal Hair: Although strong, the use of horse, goat, or camel hair is limited in the creation of Kilim rugs. Goat hair may be the most common thanks to its plentiful supply, but that was mostly used to weave tents and floors rather than create rugs. Camel hair is sometimes used in Kilim rugs because of its strength, which allows for more creativity in the design.

The tail or mane of horses provide for decorative tassels or fringes which makes for a unique design. However, for the most part you will find little to no animal hair in the majority of Kilim rugs.

Baubles and Beads: These are the final touches for some rugs, adding a unique design element that offers a particular appeal. However, many beads and baubles are included simply to demonstrate the authenticity of the rug itself. While extraneous to the purpose of the rug, they are nevertheless an important inclusion for many who weave the Kilim rugs.

How It Is Made

What makes a Kilim rug different than a standard pile rug or carpet is the way it is put together. While pile rugs are usually mad with short strands of wool or cotton in various colors being knotted onto warps and put together with tight wefts. A Kilim rug are created by interweaving different colors of warps and wefts which is known as a flatweave.

The weaving is called the slitweave technique which is created by returning the weft around the last warp located in an area of color. There is a gap that is created between the first color and the next when the weft of the latter is returned around the warp that is adjacent. The weaving will pack the wefts tightly, which covers the warp. The result is that many Kilim rugs feature diagonal patterns which help to hold up the vertical slits.

Compared to a plainweave, the slitweave process offers more freedom of expression with bolder, sharper patterns being created. You will see many different designs within a typical Kilim rug that are both geometric and floral in nature.

How Kilim Rugs are Used

There are many uses for Kilim rugs, starting with covering the floor which is their most common use. However, thanks to the weaving and material, the rugs themselves are quite strong and durable which means that they can be hung on the wall, used as coverings for benches and divans, and made into mule saddles or bags.

Once the Kilim rug is made, it can be used for a variety of different products thanks to its tight weave, strong material, and colorful patterns which makes each product unique. Because of their popularity, it’s common to see various bags and coverings that are made from this unique design.

In the end, Kilim rugs of good quality are well-worth the investment. A good Kilim rug is strong, beautiful, durable, and quite popular. With minimal maintenance and cleaning, they will last for a long time depending on the foot traffic or their use in terms of bags or bench coverings. Their unique construction and excellent design makes them a must-have for those who want a high-quality rug for their home.

Kazak Rugs

Kazak Rugs

Easily one of the most striking of all Oriental rugs, the Kazak rugs have been desired since their modernization during the 19th century. Thanks to their bold, powerful design, durable materials, and the prestige of owning such a beautiful rug, they have been highly prized. For much of this time, the Kazak rug could be found in palaces, churches, and in the homes of the elite. While some were placed on the floor, many were displayed on the walls thanks to their striking design.

Kazak rugs originated in a tribal region which is now modern Afghanistan. As with the history of many rug designs, it came from nomadic tribes that used the rugs for both practical and decorative purposes. For many years, the rugs were limited in availability to that part of the world.

Modern History of Kazak Rugs

The rug originates in the 11th century in Armenia and Afghanistan in an area that lies just south of the Caucasus. They were created by Turkish nomads who learned their craft from the Armenians who had been creating various types of rugs since at least the fifth century A.D. The Kazak rug is not associated with a particular tribe, but rather from the region in which it was created.

Crafted from high quality wool, these rugs became more sophisticated in the use of hand-knots which allowed for greater detail in terms of the design features and patterns. The rugs themselves have enjoyed considerably popularity as they spread across the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe during the 1800s. By the 20th century, the rugs became categorized as Oriental rugs and had plenty of competition in the marketplace which led to them becoming somewhat obscure for a while.

During the 1980s, the rise of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan caused many refugees to flee into Pakistan. The result was that many of the weavers who resettled in the country brought their skills in creating Kazak rugs which started a revival of interest. That was augmented by the addition of new designs, materials, and colors that became available.

Creating a Kazak Rug

As with most Oriental rugs, the Kazak versions are hand-knotted. In fact, Kazak rugs have a high density of hand-knots compared to most Oriental rug designs. Basically, the more hand-knots in a rug, the sharper the design will be. This makes the motifs and decorations even sharper and more distinctive compared to many other rug designs.

A typical 8’ x 10’ rug requires almost 12,300 hours of labor which translates to over four years of work if you divide the labor into 8-hour days. You’ll find around 9,216,000 knots in a rug of that size. While this seems like an enormous amount of effort, the result is a rug that is highly decorative and durable, landing for many years with minimal maintenance and cleaning depending on how it is used. It’s also why Kazak rugs are so valuable and treasured.

The Kazak Motifs

What distinguishes this type of rug from its Oriental counterparts is the distinctive motifs. Consisting of characteristics noted for the tribe of the region along with compositions that are geometric in nature, the Kazak rugs offer many common patters along with animal representations. It’s quite common to see the following on a typical Kazak rug;

  • Medallions, Hooked Polygons, and Diamonds
  • Crosses and Rosettes
  • Various Birds, Animals, Trees, and People

To create the patterns, only straight lines are used because of the unique hand-knotted techniques that create the rugs themselves.

Addition of Colors

Until the resettlement of the weavers, the basic colors that were used included white, gray, and black along with a few red dyes. For the most part, the dyes came from natural, vegetable sources and remained the main source of colors until the turn of the 21st century when synthetic dyes became more available.

Afterward the resettlement, there was an explosion of colors that came from the Pakistan region which included rusty red, teals, ivories, and deep indigo blues. While it might be argued that the Afghan weavers were heavily influenced by their Pakistani counterparts, it’s also true that having access to new colors promoted changes in the appearance of the Kazak rugs.

You can see the difference in the types of dyes used in terms of natural and synthetic which have created a new wave of interested in the Kazak rug.

Care and Maintenance

Since the pile contained within the rug is relatively short when compared to most other Oriental rugs, the washing process tends to use ancient techniques. This means that the rug piles are cut short and the rug itself is stone washed, just like with jeans. The result is that the rug maintains its beauty and color while not being damaged as with a modern washing process.

Rugs that are used for decorative purposes and hanged from walls require little maintenance apart from the occasional dusting and washing. However, rugs that are on the floor and subject to foot traffic will require more dusting, vacuuming, and cleaning.

Popularity of Kazak Rugs Today

There is little doubt that Kazak rugs, which are made in Armenia, Afghanistan, and now Pakistan have become quite popular around the world. There are many reasons why they stand out, but arguably the most important is the unique design thanks to the numerous hand-knots involved. Add to this the color patterns and features which make them quite beautiful.

The rugs are noted for their durable, colorful design along with their pleasing aesthetic qualities. Kazak rugs offer a variety of styles, the most noted are Hamadan, Nahavand, and Shirvan. You can find them in abundance at the local marketplace that offers Oriental rugs and particularly those that specialize in the rugs from the aforementioned regions.

For those who are looking to purchase Kazak rugs, either to collect or use in their homes or offices, they are as tough as they are beautiful which makes them a good investment. Having a Kazak rug in the home demonstrates your taste in the right way.

Antique Rugs, Oriental Rugs

Tips for Buying an Oriental Rug

Given the number of types, the quality of design, and the conditions of Oriental rugs, knowing what to look for can make the difference between finding a bargain or getting far less than you paid. As with any product, you should know the basics in terms of how the rugs are made, what they generally sell for, and whether you should purchase a new rug to brighten up your home or an antique rug as an investment.

When you see rugs for sale, here are a few tips that will help you determine the quality of the Oriental rugs you are seeing and which one to purchase.

Get to Know Oriental Rugs

You do not have to become an expert, but it does pay to find out more about how Oriental rugs are made, which types are the most desired, and how to properly price ones that you find.

Terms: There are a few basic terms you need to know which will help you in talking to a dealer;

  • Central Medallion: This is the circle or diamond-shaped motif in the middle of the rug.
  • Field: The background of the rug
  • Fringe: The edge of the rug
  • Guard Stripes: The rectangle created around the inner and outer border area
  • Main Border: The area just inside the fringe
  • Pile Direction: The direction in which the rug was weaved from top to bottom

Creating the Rug: The rugs are created on a loom using strands of wool or cotton that are stretched from beam to beam. The weaver will make wefts or horizontal rows in-between the warps that bracket the sides of the rug. The warps are then tied together with a simple knot. To create a rug that is 6’ x 9’, it usually takes about six months.

Types: Remember that there are different types of Oriental rugs for sale, so you should be familiar with the types. Generally speaking, each type of rug is denoted by the region or tribe which makes it.

Keep in mind that each type will have a price range that varies about 20% depending on the dealer. So, if you see a rug that is well outside that price range, you should get an explanation as to why first before buying.

Purchase or Investment

Amid the many different types of rugs, there is a strong distinction between new and antique. A new rug is priced by the square foot while an antique is sold by the piece.

New Rugs: New Oriental rugs are quite beautiful thanks and offer a great decorative appeal. They are also long-lasting, so with a little care your purchase should last a long time. However, new rugs are not considered valuable like antiques, so you should not consider them long-term investments. This is because the demand and manufacture of rugs for sale is such that your purchase will not increase much in value over time.

Antiques: These are rugs which are at least several decades, if not centuries old. Most Persian rugs that are sold in the US are antiques because new ones have been forbidden from sale since the late 1970s. A good antique rug is quite valuable and will increase in value considerably over time, making them a strong investment.

However, there are less-than-honest dealers who might try to pass off a new rug for an antique one. There are a few tips to help you identify which is new and which is the real antique;

Dealer: Do you know and trust the dealer? Most dealers are reputable, but some may not be. Telling the difference may be difficult, but you can try to check out their background, especially if they are new to your community.

Repairs: A proper repair on an antique will almost not be noticeable. Look at the back of the rug to see if any repairs have been made. A repair on the back that is barely noticeable will not affect the value of antique rugs. However, obvious repairs and rugs with missing parts such as no border will affect the value considerably.

If something strikes you as being wrong, go ahead and check out the dealer and their track history with selling antique rugs. Be sure to ask questions and feel comfortable before you decide to invest in an antique rug.

Choose the Right Rugs for Sale

If you are looking for Oriental rugs that are new, then you should ask a few questions about those which you find interesting.

Location of the Wool: The best wools from New Zealand and Tibetan carpet wool. The wool is soft, but quite durable and will last a long time with minimal maintenance. Beware of wool that seems too soft and shiny as it may be chemically treated and inferior in most regards.

Knot Density: You’ll want to check out the density of the knots by pressing your fingers into the pile base. You can feel the number and density of the knots to know whether it is durable or not. A dense string of knots means that the rug will be quite durable. But if the knots are loose or give under gentle pressure, then the rug may start falling apart in a short time.

Trial Run: Just like giving a new car a spin before you buy it, many dealers will let you take the rug home for a day or two to see how it looks in your home. Make sure you see the rug in daylight and nighttime to ensure it’s the one for you.

Choosing from the many Oriental rugs for sale is no easy task, but you can avoid purchasing a bad rug if you know a little about how they are made, what to look for, and checking out the source. A dealer who has been doing business in your community for many years is a good place to find the best Oriental rugs. Just remember, when a deal sound too good to be true, it most likely is.

Rug Guide

Types of Antique Persian Rugs

If you are in the market for Persian rugs, it is important to understand the different types that are available. This is especially true if you are shopping for antique rugs as some types are in higher demand compared to others.

What follows is a list of many different types of Persian rugs. It is not a complete list, but it does describe the more popular types that are on the market today.

Afshar Rugs

Generally speaking, these antique rugs have simpler, yet still beautiful designs. Made by the Afshar tribe located in the southeast portion of Iraq, the rugs themselves use a brown, ivory, red, rust, and blue color schemes. The older rugs tend to be smaller in size, which is how you can tell them apart from modern copies which tend to be bigger.

Ardebils Rugs

Featuring motifs from the Caucasus, the rug itself is quite striking in its color schemes and designs. The cotton foundation makes it light, yet durable and perfect for those who want a beautiful rug for their home.

Bakhtiari Rugs

This rug is from the Bakhtiari tribe and not common outside the Persian region because they are not often woven for sale outside the region. Instead, they are made to meet the requirements of the tribe, so finding one on sale is a rare occurrence.

Bibikabad Rugs

You’ll see lots of blue or red fields that feature highlights of green or ivory. There are also plenty of medallions that are surrounded by a Herati pattern. This distinguishing the rug from other types, although they do share many similarities with other Persian rugs.

Bidjar Rugs

Also called iron rugs, these are rugs which are primarily made to withstand foot traffic. They tend to be long and relatively narrow. Plus, their weave is quite tight and when combined with the materials used to make the rug, very resistant.

Dergazine Rugs

This type of ancient rug will feature many motifs of floral which are set in ivory or red fields. They will be highlighted with pinks and blues. Plus, many of the rugs will feature a medallion in the center, creating a symmetrical appearance.

Enjilas Rugs

Long, relatively narrow, and beautifully designed, this type of rug is woven in Hamedan’s southern region. You’ll find color schemes of ivory, red, and blue which makes them quite beautiful along with being durable and perfect for hallways or display.

Gabbeh Rugs

This type of rug is distinguished by its wide borders, strong color palette, and relatively basic, if bold patterns. Another aspect that distinguishes this rug is the low knot count and the thick pile of material that makes it quite unique.

Hamedan Rugs

This is arguably one of the most common types of Persian rugs. They feature many different designs and can be found in most antique shops that emphasize rugs. They offer beautiful patterns, but their commonality is mostly due to the number of them which has been made.

Heriz Rugs

This is a large-type of Persian rug that often features medallions boldly depicted in the center. Such medallion designs tend to dominate this type of rug. They also has mostly ivory or red fields with complicated design patterns. For designers, they are highly prized for their celebrated attributes.

Isfahan Rugs

Unique for its symmetrical design that uses both wool and silk, the Isfahan rugs also feature a singular medallion surrounded by vines. The color schemes include rose, blue, or indigo that is all woven on an ivory background.

Joshaghan Rugs

Created from wool that is woven over cotton, Johsaghan rugs usually feature diamond patterns with floral motifs that make them stand out. The lattice-designs are quite striking and beautiful, making them a popular type of rug.

Kapoutrang Rugs

A standard Persian rug design that features a medallion in the center which is surrounded by floral patterns, these rugs also boast a color scheme which uses blue, ivory, and red in the mixture. They are usually large, durable, and quite striking in their appearance.

Kashan Rugs

Perhaps the most prototypical of all Persian rugs, the Kashan is a beautifully-designed work of art. The combination of ivory, red, and blue color schemes that meld together in fine patterns is something that cannot be matched. It also helps that Kashan rugs are created with high-quality wools that are quite durable and hold their color for many years. The distinctive curvilinear patterns helps make this one of the most distinctive antique rugs you can find.

Kerman Rugs

Named after the city of Kerman, Iran, this is a special type of rug because it is relatively rare on the open market. They are distinguished by their fine weaves and pictorial scenes which are often quite elaborate. Using cotton or wool foundations, the rugs also feature a styling which is curvilinear and dotted with floral motifs.

Maslaghan Rugs

Sometimes called Melayers, the Maslaghan features lightning-bolt designs. You can also find medallions on the rug with plenty of orange, blue, and red color schemes.

Nain Rugs

Intricate designs made from high quality wool, Nain rugs are quite distinctive and often feature 300 to 700 knots per square inch. There are intertwined branches of green or blue amid tiny flowers that are woven into an ivory or pale background.

Sarouk Rugs

The beautiful roses, blues, and reds are the design and color schemes most associated with this venerable rug. What makes the Sarouk distinctive is the weft of blue cotton used for the foundation. This adds density to the rug while also making it more durable.

Tabriz Rugs

Originally from Tabriz, Azerbaijan, this is one of the oldest types of Persian rugs in the region. The combination of wool or wool/silk and silk warp or cotton warp makes them highly prized. They are distinguished by the beautiful patterns that range from floral, tree, scenes of hunting, and teardrop medallions. Most antique Tabriz rugs can only be found in exclusive private collections or museums, so running across one that is available is quite rare.

Yalameh Rugs

A very colorful rug, you can find many of them in markets around the world. What makes their design distinctive is the latch-hook arranged in vertical rows that also include medallions.

Oriental Rugs, Persian

The difference between Persian and Oriental Rugs

Would you like to enjoy the beauty of an oriental rug in your home? But, do you know the difference between an oriental rug and a Persian rug? Many people believe that these two are one and the same thing or that they are related in some way. Considering that genuine oriental rugs are not that cheap and that there are fakes on the market, you should know as much information as possible before shopping for oriental rugs online. This way, you will know for sure what you purchase and enjoy the high-quality and beautiful ambiance triggered by an authentic oriental rug.

  • Oriental rugs and how to identify one?

The term “oriental rugs” makes reference to rugs coming from various countries of the Orient or Eastern world. This means India, Turkey, China, Egypt, Tibet, Pakistan, and Iran. Looking at this, it is easy to tell that Persian rugs can actually be considered as oriental rugs. However, it is worth knowing that not all oriental rugs will be Persian rugs. So, pay a lot of attention to this slight, yet very important difference between the oriental and Persian rugs.

Because oriental rugs come from so many countries, they will indeed be different when it comes to designs, patterns, and materials. Before deciding to purchase an oriental rug, it is worth setting your expectancy in regard to this type of item? How would you like your oriental rug to look and feel? For example, oriental rugs made in China contain silk fibers, so they will be soft and elegant, and will usually feature natural landscapes or elements. Oriental rugs, in spite of their classic design, even worn and faded pattern, have a unique charm and work amazingly well even in modern indoor spaces. So, it is definitely worth taking the time to find an oriental rug that is of high quality and can answer to your needs and preferences.

  • Persian rugs and how to identify one?
Persian rug sale
Persian rug

The term “Persian rugs” makes reference to rugs made where once was the Persian Empire. This means the area where Pakistan and Iran lie today. The majority of Persian rugs are made in Iran, but it is not uncommon to find this kind of rugs made in Pakistan as well. In order to be able to properly identify a Persian rug, you must pay attention to the special characteristics of these rugs. Persian rugs will feature an outer border that will beautifully outline the rug. This outer border will be followed by an inner border, which is a bit thicker and has another border, thinner this time, within it. In the center of a Persian rug, you would usually find a gorgeous medallion with a lot of intricate details. The medallion is also surrounded by small details made to decorate it even more. Another aspect that is worth having in mind is the fact that Persian rugs are made with rich and warm colors. You will find these rugs featured shades of deep red and gold. These two are mainly preferred, but it is possible to find blue and other colors on Persian rugs, like light green. Because they are so colorful and adorned with so many details, these are the kind of rugs that work best inside traditional houses. They have the power to create a warm and welcoming environment.

  • The differences that set these two types of rugs apart

The oriental rug is hand-knotted while the Persian rug is handmade, at it presents a higher quality when it comes to craftsmanship. The oriental rug comes from various countries in Asia, like Turkey and Egypt, while the Persian rug comes only from Iran and, on rare occasions, in Pakistan. But, in spite of the fact that these two types of rugs are indeed different, the Persian rug is actually one of the seven sub-categories of oriental rugs. This is due to the fact that the term oriental rug makes reference to all the rugs made in the Orient area, which includes the countries that compose the Eastern world.

However, when it comes to Persian rugs, they are the perfect reflection of a long history and cherished traditions. If painting didn’t exist back in the days, people chose to decorate their homes with rugs, and they used motifs and designs that represented their daily lives and beliefs. Thus, the elements and craftsmanship of a Persian rug will reflect only the skills and traditions that were developed by the people in this area alone. This is why the Persian rug is a very specific kind of rug, while oriental rugs is a group of rugs that includes items with a wide variety of details, designs, patterns, and colors. Of course, oriental rugs are handmade as well, but only if you choose to buy high-quality oriental rugs.

persian rug

Regarding the design of Persian rugs, it is worth knowing that the types of this particular rug bear the name of the villages where the rugs were initially created. Because Persian rugs are so closely connected to tradition, each area developed a particular type of weaving or pattern. Thus, Persian rugs will have names like Kerman, Kashan, Heriz, and Tabriz. All these names represent not just villages, but also cities or nomadic tribes of the former Persian Empire. So, each time you will opt for a Persian rug, you will actually get a piece of the local traditions along with the rug. Their colors are also amazing and they will certainly upgrade the décor of any interior space. It is worth knowing that it took more than one year for a Persian rug to be completed, due to its tight knot system that is made entirely by hand. Also, for the making of one rug, 5 to 6 craftsmen used to work six hours every day until it was completed.

Oriental rugs, on the other hand, contain symbol and patterns of the region from which they came, not of a particular village or tribe. So, they are more general and diverse in terms of design. A rug that is made in China, for example, will be made out of silk and may represent the life of Buddhist monks, as the material and motifs are specific to that part of the world.

  • The price differences between a Persian and Oriental Rug

You probably wonder if there are any price differences between Persian rugs and the oriental rugs. One thing is for sure and that is the fact that handcrafted rugs will be more expensive than machine-made rugs, the kind you can find in almost any store. You will pay a high price indeed, but handmade rugs and carpets are an investment worth made, as they will last for much longer periods. All you need to do is take proper care of the rugs and they will not lose their beauty and properties.

The price tag of such a rug depends on the size, condition, and age of the rug. So, they can range from a few hundreds of dollars and can go up to several tens of thousands of dollars. The best part is that the offer is varied, so you can find a Persian or oriental rug on the desired size, which will fit great no matter where you want to place them. Whether it is the living room, bedroom, or dining room, these rugs will be an amazing addition that you will cherish for years in a row.

Just don’t forget to keep an eye on the particularities of these rugs when looking to purchase one, in order to make sure that you will get the real thing. Unfortunately, there are quite enough fakes on the market that doesn’t go near the quality and charm offered by authentic Persian or oriental rugs. While it is good to know the distinct signs of each type and what sets them apart, you can always ask for the opinion of an expert, especially when you’re looking to spend consistent amounts of money. After all, you want to make sure that the rug you are about to purchase will indeed offer the degree of quality you are looking to find.

At the end of this guide, you will have the basic knowledge required to identify a Persian rug and set it apart from an oriental rug. Still, looking for oriental rugs online involves certain risks you should be aware of. Make sure you choose your provider right, to avoid any unpleasant surprised. See if the provider can offer proper information about the rug and it the business is reliable, by checking out reviews and what customers have to say about it. With a bit of care and attention, you will become the happy owner of a gorgeous oriental or Persian rug, depending on your preferences. If you’re looking for an indoor style upgrade, any of these two rugs will help you get there.


What are The Most Collectible Antique Rugs?

Antique rugs are more than just a special decorative item in your home. They can truly be part of a unique collection, as some of them are very rare and it would be a shame to use them as you would use any other rug.

Considering that some of them are rather old, made out of special natural materials, and can cost considerable amounts of money, they can be very well regarded as a rare piece of art that is worth collecting.

Before continuing with talking about the most collectible antique rugs, it is worth mentioning that the most expensive rug in the world was sold at the staggering sum of $4,450,000. Yes, we know, the sum can make your brain freeze. But when it comes to collectible, there are enthusiasts that don’t care about the price tag of their desired item.

So, having said all these, let us look at the world’s most collectible and desired antique rugs.

  • A Silk Isfahan Rug

This particular rug may deserve the first position in our list, not just due to its fine materials, but also for its impressive price tag. The silk Isfahan rug is the one we mentioned earlier of selling at the hard-to-believe sum of $4,450,000. The item was sold by Christie’s and was purchased back in 2008.

Still, what led to the highest price tag ever used for a rug? As mentioned earlier, the rug is made out of silk. So, nothing but the purest and highest quality silk was utilized for the making of this rug. Besides this, the craftsmanship is simply stunning. The knot density is incredibly high, a rare occurrence when it comes to handmade rugs, and the colors used were numerous.

This indicates that a high amount of effort and time was invested in the making of this item. Before being sold in an auction, this highly valued rug belonged to Doris Duke, a famous heiress of a tobacco empire. If you would like a silk Isfahan rug, you should know that you can find them at more reasonable prices of just a few thousands of dollars.

  • The Ziegler Mahal Rug

The Ziegler Mahal rug definitely deserves occupying the second position, considering that it also managed to reach an impressive price tag, of no less than $182,500. Original from the central part of Persia, this gorgeous rug managed to stay in an excellent condition in spite of its age.

The combination of beautiful colors, bright terracotta and light blue, and large print are two other factors that contributed to the increased value and price tag of this rug. Without a doubt, such a rug is an amazing addition to the collection of any rug or ancient items enthusiast. It is worth mentioning that another Ziegler Mahal rug reached a similar selling price, earning its position as the third most expensive rug in the world.

In spite of the fact that it showed some wear and tear due to its age, the beautiful colors specific to Mahal rugs managed to convince someone to pay a considerable amount of $170,500 on it. Who got the rug can recondition and repair the damage and return the rug’s former glory.

  • The Ushak Rug

The bright colors and unique design of this particular rug would have convinced anyone to pay the spicy price tag that came along with the rug. But, for connoisseurs, this item is a work of art, not just a mere rug. A shade of deep red is the main color of the rug and the pattern is simply breathtaking, even after so many years. Not to mention that the rug was made with a lot of attention to details.

Back in the days, when only wealthy people afforded to decorate their homes with rugs, the highest amount of effort was invested in the making of such items, which explains why antique rugs are so spectacular. The condition of this rug was also superior, so, with the right kind of attention, the rug will make its owner a very happy and proud person for very many years to come.

  • An Isfahan Rug

The most expensive Isfahan rug was also sold from a collection that previously belonged to Doris Duke, who was known as an enthusiastic rug collector. The truth is that this particular rug, sold at the sum of $116,500, has spectacular colors and a gorgeous design.

In spite of its age, the rug still has strong decorative power and can easily upgrade any interior space. With the right kind of care, such a rug can be enjoyed in a private collection for very many years to come. But, this rug has a special detail that is not commonly met in this kind of rugs. The border of the rug features a unique design representing vine leaves. Isfahan rugs don’t usually come with this kind of designs, which makes this particular rug one-of-a-kind in its group.

It is believed that the inspiration for this pattern came from the Persian rugs that were made somewhere in the 16th century. They are the ones that brought vine patterns into the world of rugs and carpets.

  • A Mohatashem Kashan Rug

A Mohatashem Kashan rug original from Persia managed to reach the top of the most expensive collective antique rugs in the world when it was sold by the famous Sotheby’s for the amount of $92,500. The colors were very well chosen and the design is a very intricate one.

Having such a rug in the room will definitely change the style and entire atmosphere of that particular space. The craftsmanship of this rug is something that must be admired, considering the large number of details this rug provides.

The Mohatashem types are the most sought-after and appreciated rugs of the Kashan group, and this particular piece only proves just how beautiful and valuable such a rug can be. Of course, this Mohatashem Kashan rug managed to exceed the ordinary and provide a pattern that is very hard to find, if not even impossible.

  • A Portuguese Armorial Rug

It is interesting to see that a Portuguese antique rug managed to find its way among the most expensive and collectible antique rugs of the world. Sold at the price of $80,500, it is not as expensive as the ones mentioned earlier, but its price tag is indeed considerable. The details that can be seen on the rug are more than impressive and finely executed.

The most attractive part of the rug is the central medallion. Of course, the surrounding borders cannot be ignored either, as they were made with a high degree of attention to details. The colors are soft but pleasant, giving you the impression that you are looking at a painting, and not at a rug.

  • A Fereghan Sarouk Rug

It is impossible to remain indifferent at the sight of this antique rug. The colors are very much alive even today, as a shade of deep brick red color is predominant in the design of the rug. It is worth mentioning that both the colors and design pattern provided by this item are typical and highly representative for Fereghan Sarouk rugs.

This is why rug collectors are constantly keeping their eyes opened for such rugs, explaining why this particular item was so desired. Someone wanted this rug sufficiently in order to accept to pay the $74,500 that came along with the rug.

For those enjoying the beauty of Sarouk rugs, but not willing to spend such amounts of money, it is worth mentioning that this type of rugs can be found at more accessible price tags.

Some may exceed $1000 while others will go beyond this amount. It all depends on the size, age, patter, and craftsmanship of the rug. But, it is not impossible to enjoy such a rug in your living room.

  • A Clark Sickle-Leaf Rug

We are talking about a particular rug that belonged to the collection of William A. Clark, who was both an entrepreneur and politician. This antique rug was made in the 17th century, featuring the typical bright red color of those days and intricate patterns. The rug was sold at the sum of $33.7 million to a collector that did not want to reveal his identity.

The truth is that this rug has the power to take your breath away, considering that it was made in times when technology was not available and machines were rudimentary. So, the amount of details and finesse of the craftsmanship is truly impressive.

  • A “Vase” Rug

Also belonging to the 17th century, a so-called “Vase” rug, which is more precisely an Oriental antique rug, earned the name of being the most expensive artwork ever made in the Islamic world.

According to specialists, the rug was made by the Kirman weavers, which belonged to the Safavid period. Its colors and design inspire balance and calmness, being relatively simple in comparison with other Oriental rugs. But, even so, the carpet has its unique charm, costing its owner almost $10 million in 2010.


History of Tabriz Rugs and Their Origin City

Tabriz is a large and active city on the Sahand range, which is located at an altitude of 1,000 meters and leads to Lake Urmia. The strategic location of this city that runs through Tehran, Istanbul and the Trabzons port of Turkey, making it one of the most important commercial centers of Iran. This area is well weathered, with moderate summers and cold winters. This area is an earthquake-stricken area and has been destroyed five times by the earthquake.

The city of Tabriz has its ancient origins: it is mentioned in Assyrian sources, while the people believed it was built in 791 A.D by the caliph’s wife Harun al-Rasheed who tended to have a new city with a pleasant weather.

At the time of Arab Caliphate, this city played a significant role and during the Seljuk Turks and Mongols period it was chosen as the capital of the government. At that time, mosque and magnificent buildings were built in the city, including the Kabood mosque which is also artistically important. This mosque had had a valuable library and a famous painting school. As the beginning of the 16th century Tabriz was chosen as the first capital of the Safavids.

In the long period of conflict with the Ottomans, this city was a place of tension and it has intervened in the attempts of the northern provinces of Iran to join Russia from the late 18th to the early 20th.

Accidents and wars didn’t cause Tabriz to lose its important role in business: Due to its neighboring with Turkish ports especially Trabzon, to European traders, it has always been considered an important city and they considered Tabriz as an important center for the production of handmade rugs.

Rug weaving in this city has an ancient background and a long history. This city has been one of the main centers of rug weaving in the Safavid era. In subsequent periods, the demand of European companies operating in Tabriz also showed that rug weaving in high quality and special designs and styles has been widely common in Tabriz.

In Tabriz Ziegler Company and an important German company Persiche Teppiche Aktien GeSellschaft had branches in the field of rug weaving known as Petag, which were often adorned with classic designs. Tabriz Rugs had a special elegance in the 19th century, and, alongside inspiration from traditional Iranian designs, they also used innovative designs. They were very careful in choosing the raw materials and its quality for Tabriz rugs.

These rugs are woven with symmetrical knots and often are made of cotton warp which is very compressed to the point that the back of the rug is prominent. Warps are composed of two or sometimes three strands of twisted array like (Z2S or Z3S). Occasionally, there are rugs which have silk fibers and are often colorful: in this case, these rugs are called seven-color in local dialect.

The weft goes through the knots twice, in the first row the weft is made of a strong and stretched cotton yarn which compresses the warp.

The second weft is thin and loose and it is made of a delicate cotton yarn which is usually azure or pink. In classic Tabriz rugs, woolen or silk wefts are rarely seen. Tabrizi weavers are among the fastest and most skilled weavers throughout Iran; traditionally, they have a hook to creak knots in their rugs, which also has a blade to cut the knots. With this method, a weaver can do up to 12,000 knots per day, counting the time it takes to pass the wefts through warps twice.

In Tabriz, the elegance of rugs is defined by the ridge: Each ridge is a unit with a length of about 7 centimeters. There can be 25 to 70 knots in a ridge. The elegance and the ridge count of Tabriz rugs is very different and the ridge count of 25, 35 and 40 can be seen from the old samples to the present. But ridge counts such as 50, which are more popular nowadays, are commonly used for export-oriented rugs and in this group ridge count of 60 and 70 are also seen.

The excellent quality of Tabriz rugs is not only sue to the technical ability of the weavers, but also because of the possession of high quality raw materials, especially local wool, that was gotten from sheep which were bred in the mountainous region of Maku in the northwest of the province near the Turkey’s border and was often used for rug weaving but today, this process has changed a lot, the use of imported wool and spinning machine has greatly influenced the quality of this rug, especially in color shades that are effected by the raw materials.

In Maku region, sheep’s wool is sheared twice a year. Spring shearing is happened in March, and an exceptionally elegant wool named Kuzen juni Pashmy comes from the first shearing and it’s as delicate as Kashmir fiber. The strength of the used strands and the weft weaving method (Lool Baaf) caused Tabriz rugs to be durable and compact and feel a bit rough when touched. Among the woven rugs in Tabriz from the mid-nineteenth century to the first years of the twentieth century, there are countless silk samples which are rivals of the handmade rugs in Istanbul and Hereke.

In these rugs which are weaved so accurately and nicely, sometimes traditional medallion designs and sometimes various and fresh designs are utilized, and their tissue is often special for oversea markets.

In the last decades, some inexpensive materials like tanning wool, which originate from sheep, were used in Tabriz rugs. In some cases, the double knots are used. Sometimes you see a pair of similar rugs on a Tabriz loom and this causes a side of the rug undergo the binding process after the weaving ends.

The dimension of these rugs are so much various ranging from small to large size, even there are some extra-large rugs. Sometimes, some long rugs are weaved called running ones which are set on lateral sides of rugs and covers the floor.

On superior part, another rug used to be weaved called “Kalagi” whose length was 2 t 3 folds of the width and lateral dimensions have 1-meter width and 3 or 4 meters length. The dimensions of the “Kalagi” is usually 4*1.5 or 4*2 m. once the coloring was totally botanical, but nowadays we use synthetic industrial colors.

A major feature of Tabriz rugs that have natural color and belongs to last century, is less brightness of the piles, which is probably because of the water effect and great deal of alkyne in the dyeing process.

The used schemes as before mentioned, are so various as “Janamazi” and “Tarhe Baqi” rugs were observed among classic medallion and corner designs and vase schemes in Safavid era. The rugs decorated by subtle and detailed “Harati” designs, are observed as well that these small designs cover all the background.

In Tabriz handmade rugs, the traditional tissue of illustrated rugs decorated by hunting scenes are so much common that are similar to Safavid era’s rugs. In opting the margins, the “Harati” or palmette flower designs were common, which once used to be called as ” samovar ” or “turtle” designs.

Also, cloudy designs margins and some epigraph schemes of poem-like scripts or phrases of quran were commonly used.

Among Tabriz rugs, you can notice “Haji Jalili” which is named of the weaver master “Haj jalil Marandi” who lived in the late 19th century n Marand and his masterpieces are retained in some museum in 50s, an important workshop in Tabriz was managed by Tabatabai whose rug’s feature was the prompting the weaving by using a small technical modification.

The second weftwhich was loose and azure wouldn’t cross each knot wate but would cross each 10 or 30 wates, thereby the rugs were compact but no too much heavy. Other famous Tabriz rugs are namely “faraji”,”Sedqiani” and “Alabaf”.