Kashan Rugs: A Tribute to the Safavid Dynasty of the Persian Empire
Kashan rugs are an export from one of Iran’s oldest cities, Kashan, dating back to the 17th century or late 16th century. Kashan was a hub of silk production beginning with the Safavid dynasty, a golden age of Persian weaving under the reign of Shah Abbas.
Contemporary Kashan rug sales began toward the end of the 19th century, when Kashan merchants hoped to replicate the success of weaving shops in Tabriz to the north. During this era, many antique Kashan rugs were commissioned for individual homes. The best Kashan carpets of the 19th-century and turn of the 20th century are formal, traditional and luxurious.
The warp and weft of Kashan rugs are usually made of cotton with the traditional asymmetrical Persian know. The thin double weft is often woven between 120 knots per square inch and 840 knots per square inch. The finished texture of Kashan rugs is soft to the touch. The best Kashan carpets use a superior quality of wool that sometimes has silk mixed in.
An antique Kashan rug was colored with vegetable dyes, which contribute to their unique texture, but
modern Kashan rugs (from the 1930s) use contemporary chrome dyes.
The highly sought after curvilinear designs of Kashan weaving was popularized by Kashan weavers in the early 1900s. The Kashan rug typically centers around a teardrop medallion, though intricately detailed motifs like palmettos, blossoms, leaves and arabesques are common, as well. The “Royal Garden” of Kashan is the source of a notable garden motif that is the archetype of Persian carpet designs. Another inspiration for many Kashan carpets is the “Garden of Paradise.”
Pakistani Kashan Rugs
When the Mogul empire spread through Iran to the Indian subcontinent, the work of Persian weavers was carried to modern day Pakistan. The city of Lahore today produces the vast majority of modern Pakistani Kashan rugs.
Like their Iranian forebears, Pakistani Kashans use a wool pile on a cotton base. Mogul Kashan rugs use the Senneh knot, an asymmetrical double knot that produces a dense, heavy weave, making them extremely durable. One of the main distinctions between Iranian and Pakistani Kashan rugs is the use of color. Pakistani Kashans feature predominantly pastel shades, whereas a traditional Persian Kashan carpet may include richer reds, greens and blues.
Motasham Kashan Carpets: Exceptional…and Exceptionally Rare
Motasham Kashan carpets are the rarest group of Kashan carpets. They feature non-traditional designs and color palettes and were woven with lamb’s wool renowned for its luminous, reflective sheen. True Motasham Kashan rugs are finely knotted and extremely difficult to find.
Dating from the middle of the 19th century, antique Motasham Kashan carpets are among the finest Persian carpets. Early Motasham Kashan rugs (pre-1850) use a technique known as abrash, marked by an emotive use of color shading and color shifts. They commonly feature an antique ivory or gold background and subtle pastel tones throughout the weave. Over time, the dyes in an antique Motasham rug will soften and acquire an earthy patina. The rich lanolin will rise to the surface of the wool fibers over time, given the rug an extraordinary luster.
Heriz Rugs: Captivating Geometric Designs and Bold Colors
Antique Heriz carpets are woven in village and towns in the East Azerbaijan region in the mountainout area around Tabriz in the northwest of Iran. The style is named after Heriz, the largest of these towns.
Traditional Heriz carpets feature distinctive large-scale motifs and a wide palette of warm colors, making the antique Heriz rug one of the most highly coveted Persian village carpet styles. Many Heriz carpets show the colors and design influence of Caucasian rugs due to the proximity of Heriz to that region. Persian Heriz rugs are instantly recognizable for their bold blues and rust red colors, with pinks, yellows, greens and ivory for contrast.
Unlike more traditional Persian rug styles such as the Kashan rug, which flowing, curvilinear arabesques and scrolls, Heriz Persian rugs are known for their rectilinear designs. The merchants of Tabriz sought to combine the elegance of traditional Persian carpets with the tribal charm of village weaving. Weavers adapted the geometric weave to create the signature Heriz style, typified by the classic “diamond on a square” medallion motif popularized in the late nineteenth century. In most traditional Heriz rugs, the design elements are outlined by two lines of contrasting colors.
The Abrash Color Technique is a Hallmark of Heriz Carpets
Modern Heriz rugs are often dyed using chemicals, antique Heriz rug makers were masters of vegetable dyeing. Vegetable dyes acquire a marvelous patina as they age. As is the case with Kashan rugs, Heriz rugs often feature a color technique called abrash, which varies the color from one end of the rug to the other through color shading or tone shifting. Heriz antique rugs, creates remarkable strength and depth of color and design.
The best antique Heriz rugs are woven with wool from the Shahsavan, a nomadic tribe residing in the Elbrus Mountains. Later, wool high in lanolin was imported from Tabriz.
A Heriz Persian rug is loosely knotted upon a thick, sturdy cotton foundation. The knots are tightly packed, giving the rug impressive durability.
Serapi Rugs and Gorevan Rugs Echo the Weaving Tradition of Northwest Persia
Popular variations of the Heriz rug are the Serapi and Gorevan styles. Heriz Serapi rugs, typically made before the 1900s, feature a finer a weave and curvier design. Gorevan rugs are known for their coarser grades. These carpet styles were originally developed in the town and villages neighboring Heriz, though today their names are used as a measure of a rug’s quality. In the United States, the best quality Heriz rugs are called Serapi carpets.
Handmade rugs come in all different shapes, sizes, designs and color palettes, but there’s also a distinct quality coincided with handmade rugs that simply sets them apart from the rest of the rug industry. Although many machine-made rugs will closely resemble a handmade rug superficially, it’s undeniable that the overall production process of handmade rugs is extremely complex and typically attaches a higher price tag.
All of us at Rug Source are huge fans of all types of handmade rugs, and our vast online inventory contains pieces of art from all across the globe. There’s no doubt about it that this is a very special portion of our website, and we’re excited to help you throughout the process of finding the perfect handmade rug for your home or workspace.
Throughout this page we’ll go over the historical significance and beauty of handmade rugs and our general guide to finding the perfect match for your existing room aesthetics and personal taste. We fully understand how important these types of investments are to our clientele, but we must admit that you’re in the right place to purchase an area rug that can exponentially accrue in value over long periods of time.
Besides our quality and affordability, what sets Rug Source apart from the rest of the industry is our unbeatable determination within customer service. Our team of experts is always here to support you throughout every step of the rug shopping experience, and we’ll be more than happy to answer any questions or concerns you may have about any particular item within our inventory.
Always feel free to contact us online so we can get you in touch with one of our experts as quickly as possible!
The Historical Significance Behind The Beauty Of Handmade Rugs
Handmade rugs have been around for thousands of years, and still in today’s rug industry they are by far the gold standard. There truly is no better method to create an absolutely exquisite, woven rug design than by utilizing the simplest tools and the mastery of trained weavers and artisans. What’s truly so remarkable about today’s handmade rug industry is that the weaving technique traditions have been handed down from generation to generation and are continuing to thrive.
There are countless variations within the handmade rug world, and every technique offers unique warp and weft interpretations and distinctive design repertoires. There’s no denying how the cultural significance of handmade rugs beyond any doubt sets these rugs apart from the rest of the industry, which is why they’re such special investments for homeowners!
Handmade rugs are still revered today for their intricate storytelling patterns, their durability, and their unbeatable material textures. It’s a beautiful tradition that speaks volumes into the very heart of humanity’s story, and it’s incredible how handmade rugs have not even come close to being surpassed by machines and technology in terms of prestige and elegance.
5 Important Considerations When Searching For A Handmade Rug
Handmade rugs vary dramatically in terms of materials, craftsmanship and aesthetics. It’s important for rug shoppers to have a basic understanding as to what they should be looking for while finding the handmade rug of their dreams, and this is because these are sometimes big investments that shoppers should take seriously.
The following are 5 important considerations you should keep in mind while looking through our collection of high-quality, handmade rugs:
All machine-made rugs lack the overall rarity and quality that coincides with handmade rugs, and the overall difference is the uniqueness of handmade rugs.
Machine-made rugs are mass-produced, which makes all of them generally similar in terms of material feel and appearance. Handmade rugs are completely unique, and they’re typically made while an artist utilizes a drawing to complete the rug. Although there may be certain similarities within each weaver’s style, each handmade rug will undoubtedly exhibit an unbridled uniqueness that simply can’t ever be matched.
Dyes and Materials
Wool and silk are typically the main materials utilized within handmade rugs. There are many rug manufacturers that will use substandard offsets of these materials, but truly handmade rugs will always be made from the real deal. One way to notice the knockoff materials is that they won’t have their natural suppleness and glossiness!
Colorfastness tends to be the way to be able to determine whether or not a rug’s dyes are from the finest quality associated with authentic handmade rugs. One thing you can do is ask a rug dealer like us to test the rug’s dyes, which we’ll be more than happy to do by running a damp cloth over the fibers.
This test is to see if any color attaches itself to the cloth, which is a clear indication that the dyes are cheap or simply not authentically integrated into the rug.
Knots-per-inch (KPI) will help in terms of determining the overall value of a handmade rug. The coloring and overall aesthetics of a rug are always important, but the higher the KPI the more clarity and resolution there will be within these colors and designs. In the world of handmade, Oriental rugs it’s always clarity that speaks loudest.
Our handmade rugs range all the way up to 1,000 KPI, which is about as high as this type of knot count can possibly go!
Your Best Size
It’s always important to know exactly where you want to place your handmade rug within your home or office prior to making any purchasing decisions, because this will help you to more efficiently narrow down your options.
Your Rug Dealer
The last and certainly not least consideration on this list is who you get your handmade rug from. Of course you’ve clearly done your homework by finding yourself on the Rug Source website, and we’re proud to be an authority figure within the handmade and Oriental rug industry.
We are specialists on all of our handmade rugs and will be able to provide ample information pertaining to each item’s country of origin, KPI, age, artist background, and much, much more!
Contact Our Team Of Experts Today For More Information!
All of us at Rug Source take pride in our work and online inventory, and we’re very excited to help you find the perfect handmade rug that matches your existing aesthetics and personality.
There’s truly a lot that goes into this type of rug purchase, so we know you’re likely to have questions. Always feel free to contact us online or call us today at 980-422-4080 or 704-763-0979 for more information so one of our experts can keep you and your rug search on the right track!