Rug Style, Uncategorized

nain

Nain

r616817 Many years ago the Aba (sleeveless cloak), was finely woven with camel’s wool in Na’in. Almost seventy years ago, the government of that time period prohibited the wearing of old fashioned clothes. The weavers of the Aba were forced to change their profession and they started a new enterprise. The result was the creation of the beautiful and fine rugs that have gained fame within both Iran and the rest of the world.

After the Second World War, specific and determined patterns were made which were gathered from the whole collection of carpet designs in Iran. One of the special features of Na’in carpets is the insistence of the dyers to use cool colors. Their preference is white, dark blue, light blue, beige, and sometimes red.

The dimensions of the Na’in rugs vary from the smallest sizes (Poshti) up to larger sizes. Warp and weft are made of cotton, the pile is made of wool, and they normally use the silk around the motifs to make the design outstanding. The designs often used in Na’in carpets are overall Shah-Abassi animal with multiple antlers, multiple armlets, bazu bandi, Shah-Abasi medallion and corner.

The weaves varies between fine and extremely fine, (3,000 to 10,000 knots per square meter). To determine the fineness of Na’in rugs the terms six ply (shesh-la) and nine ply (noh-la) are often used (with shesh-la being much finer than noh-la).

Rug Style, Uncategorized

kashan

Kashan

In the city of Kashan, the record of weaving brocade and velvet textiles as well as gold-embroidered materials and fine-knotted rugs reach back to the era of the Safavid dynasty. At that time, each piece was exemplified for the talent shown in dyeing and weaving and was a formidable example of craftsmanship. In those days, carpet weaving in Kashan reached its highest peak and the talented artists left many valuable samples of their masterpieces (of which a certain number occupy famous museums around the world). One of these aforementioned kashan rugs is the famous “hunting scene” carpet, which can be admired in the museum of Vienna.

The highest degree in the art of weaving, dyeing, and designing carpets in the world is also reflected in the gold-embroidered “Polonaise” carpets. After this period of splendor, the art of carpet and textile weaving in both Kashan and the other areas began to decline. Kashan produced carpets of the highest artistic craftsmanship over several centuries. Specifically, those which were produced many years ago, are beautiful and desirable resulting in many carpet lovers ardently wishing to obtain possess them.

Not long ago, most of the Kashan rugs were woven with merinos wool, but because of its high cost, the usage of this wool was limited. At present the wool needed in Kashan and its dependencies is provided from internal sources such as Khorasan, Kermanshahan, and Tehran. Formerly, “Kork” and fine silk carpets were produced in Kashan but Ghom is the current leader in producing rugs of this category.

Fast-colored, double-weft, and Senneh knotted rugs and carpets have laquer-red, dark blue, turquoise blue, off-white beige, brown, and pistachio green background. All formats are common (with most falling into the 1.5 by 2.2 meters and larger sizes) with the exception of runners.

Shah-Abbasi medallion and corner, overall Shah-Abbasi, overall vases, candelabra medallion, tree with mehrab, portrait, panorama, and geometrical Josheghan designs are those mostly woven in Kashan. Warps and wefts are of finely spun cotton. The Carpets are dense with the quality of the carpets ranging from fine to very fine (up to 1,000,000 knots per square meter). Different kinds of carpets and rugs resembling those of Kashan are woven in the dependencies and villages such as Nushabad, Aran, Fin, Natanz, Ghamsar, and Ravand (with the most popular coming from Natanz and Ghamsar).

rug

Rug Style, Uncategorized

isfahan

Isfahan

rug

The Second World War caused serious damage to the trade and industry of the market in Esfahan and the world market. During this period the raw materials used for weaving rugs such as wool and dyestuffs became expensive. In the meantime, some dishonest and profiteering weavers took advantage of this situation and began to cheat and swindle.

The fame and trade of Esfahan carpets that was in the forefront of all other carpets in Iran began to decline and the business was at a stand-still. Fortunately, the quality of fibers used for the carpets has improved in recently times. By re-starting many weaving factories and creating marvelous and fine woven pieces, Esfahan has regained its celebrity status in the carpet landscape.

In the past years and up to present times, the artists of Esfahan often design draw their sketches from the diaphoretic and simple glazed tiles of the Chechel-Sotun Building, Nagshe-Jahan, Madreseh Chahar Bagh, Masjed-e-Sheikh, Lotf-ollah, and other historical buildings.

The patterns used most in Esfahan rugs are Shah-Abbasi medallion, Eslimi medallion, trees and animals, overall Shah-Abbasi, and geometrical medallion and corner.

Esfahan was one of the most important centers for the cultivation of various plants used in dyeing. Ronas (Madder) as well as wild plants containing colored products can now be found in its mountains and deserts. Natural colors were used in dyeing centers due to their abundance at the time but large quantities of dye-stuffs (particularly chromatic compounds) are used presently.

The numbers of the dye-stuffs in Esfahan carpets are mostly beige, buff-white, red, dark blue, and turquoise. The wool used for weaving is obtained from Kerman, Yazd, Khorasan, Kermanshahan, and foreign sources. Esfahan carpets are amongst the best of Persian products (due to their hard wearing and decorative nature). The piles of high quality Esfahan carpets are thick and made of “kork” and the foundations are of cotton (with the finest being woven from Silk).

Esfahan rugs include a small panel with an image of the Iranian flag at the top or bottom, the weaver’s signature is woven within these panels.

Rug Style, Uncategorized

hamedan

The province of Hamedan is located in the west of Iran, and the city of Hamedan, the capital of this province, in the one of the most ancient and historical cities of Iran. Its origin goes back to the second millennium BC. The Medes made in their capital.

This province is one of the most important regions in Iran that produces carpets in large quantities (they are usually of commercial quality). Sometimes one can find fine carpets in Hamedan. Few villages make carpets in Hamedan. Few villages make carpets (in the larger size) but more typical sizes of Hamedans predominate, with one or two areas specializing in runners.

In this province the carpets are woven in floral and stylized patterns. Their designs are corner medallion, flower bouquets, Botten-Miri, interlaced fish design (which is also known as Haetiand Zell-e-Sultan). The knots of the Hamedan carpets are often Ghiordes and they are thick-piled. Many years ago the colors used for weaving them was natural beige or camel wool which had a great success amidst the Europeans, as they found them very suitable to spread in the dark and narrow corridors and halls of their buildings. Today, these natural colors are still used.v-1008-2

Rug Style, Uncategorized

Bidjar

persian rugBidjar has one of the finest weaves of Iran and carpet weaving in this area has been a traditional occupation for hundreds of years. Throughout their history, the weavers of Bidjar have used up to three and even five wefts in each row of knots. This is a much heavier carpet than the typical Sanandaj style.

They should always be rolled instead of folded before being moved. There are various designs in Bijar carpets. Some of the dominant designs are as follows: Botteh, Harati, Mina-khani, zell-e-sultan, and Golfarang (flower bouquets).

The size of Bidjar carpets is approximately 1.5 to 10 square meters. Runners are relatively rare. All the carpets of this area have Ghiordes (Turkish) knots and are thick piled. The dominant colors in this region are red, blue, indigo, ivory, and pink.

Rug Style

Kurdistan and Kermanshahan

The mountainous areas of these two western provinces of Iran are very suitable for grazing sheep and cattle. The main weaving centers are in Kurdistan and Sanandaj (the capital of the province once known as Senneh) and Bidjar. In the province of Kermanshahan, only a few centers such as Kermanshah and Songhor-Kolyai produce carpets. The quality of carpets in these latter cities is not as good as those of Sanandaz and Bidjar. In Kermanshah and its surrounding villages most of the rugs are woven in the form of runners and are thick piled.

Rug Style

Ardebil

During the Second World War, when carpet weaving in Shirvan and other parts of Caucasia came to a standstill, the Ardabil weavers thought to seize the opportunity and take advantage of the situation. They decided to change and modify their designs to increase sales.
The runners and the carpets woven in Ardabil are definitely under the influence of Caucasian and Tabriz designs. Recently they have copied the “Harati” design and produced them in various dimensions.
They count from 100.000 to 300.000 knots in every square meter. They also use silk fibers to weave fine carpets. The prevalent colors of the Ardabil rugs are turquoise blue, off-white, blue, beige, and sometimes green.