Misc

History of Persian Rugs

When looking at the history of Persian Rugs, the authentic Persian rug, also called a Persian Carpet, needs no introduction. Their style and quality speak for themselves and convince everyone interested in the rugs to admire the beauty that a carpet beholds. Are you a fan of these rugs too? Great, you’ll find some interesting historical details about these rugs here. 

This reputation of Persian rugs has not been established in a day or two; rather, it reflects the continuous efforts and the quality consistency. These attributes provided over time have made antique personal rugs a high-demand commodity now.

But how did it all start? Have you been wondering about it? Let’s discuss the history of Persian rugs in a bit detail:

Use of carpets in early history:

Do you know the traces of the existence of carpet since the early history of humankind are available in the written documents? The first such record has been found from 850BC where ancient Greeks had been using carpets. Numerous writings and books mention the use of carpets. However, it did not provide any details about the details of how these carpets were created. But we guess even the record of the user since 850BC highlights their importance throughout history.

When did Persian Rugs and Carpets cover the scene?

The first mention of antique Persian rugs has been seen in 400BC, where they have been marked as precious and worthy items to be used as a diplomatic gift at that time.

Since the very start, authentic Persian rugs have been marked in history as a luxury item with the symbolism of honor and prestige. Luckily, overall these centuries, this image has still been maintained, and we guess this is the main reason you have been searching about the Persian rugs, too, isn’t it?

Basics about carpet weaving:

During the 220AD – 650AD, Sasanian Empire, Parthian Empire, and Byzantine Empire were the strongest ones in terms of knowledge gain, experience, and crafts. This is the time of the Persian carpets’ prominence too.

The exact history of how the antique Persian rug weaving started is still unknown, but the knowledge of creating the carpets for floor decoration was the thing of the era. Besides, the Persian carpets also had a role in the trade and revenue. You’ll be excited to know that silk textiles were used to pay tribute to the churches, and Persian carpets were included in the item list.

In 637AD, Persian carpets were so prominent that they were taken as booty after winning a war. Interesting!

The era of 650AD to 1258AD:

The literature available on the Persian carpets highlights this era when the carpets were used on the floors. Different geographic and Islamic history indicated that the manufacturing of Persian carpet had been the rural industry during the entire caliphate rule, providing the kingdom with a source of revenue and other economic benefits.

The era of 1040 – 1118AD:

Strangely, there are no known Persian rugs from this era. Historians believe that they might not be able to identify the difference between different carpet varieties available because of the introduction of new skills and techniques. This newness is expected to be the result of the Seljuk invasion in Northwestern Persia. So, we can’t expect to see the style of Persian rugs from this era; this is sad.

The era of 1256-1500AD:

All this period has witnessed turmoil, wars, and political anarchy. However, in terms of carpets, the evidence of their existence has been confirmed through the correspondence of different rulers from Persia to other parts of the world.

The era of 1501-1732:

This is the era of Safavid, where this dynasty has given very high importance to the art, amongst which carpet weaving was the most prominent. We can still find the antique Persian rugs from the later era of the Safavid period, even today. You might find them as antiques but still locatable as a general buyer.

The design change in the Persian style carpets has been quite prominent since the sixteenth century when the miniatures have been transformed into large-format designs.

The era of 1736 – 1796 AD:

In this era, the fights and the wars in the region led the Persian carpet industry to fail miserably. Although it was a smaller period, you can very well understand the problems that people associated with the industry would have faced, right? Such a thing is quite common in today’s world.

The era of 1789-1925AD:

Within this era, the Persian carpets became famous again. In 1885, the modern carpet industry started working through the constant efforts of the antique personal carpet weavers.

Modern Age:

In the late 20th century, the changes in design and the artistic value inherent in it led the other countries of the world to take an interest in this field. This is why Iran is still known as the manufacturer of the best carpets throughout the world.

Summing up:

We have tried to sum up the historical perspective associated with the Persian rugs in detail to help you find all the important eras in history (regarding Persian carpets) in one place. 

Today, many other countries have tried to copy the design and technique of the Iranian carpets. Still, no one has managed to manufacture the same product as that of the Iranians. This is why the authentic Persian rugs still enjoy the glory and luxury associated with their name.