Persian rugs are steeped in art and culture. These are part of an ancient art form that started in Persia, commonly known as Iran, the hand-knotted carpets’ birthplace. In ancient Persia, carpet weaving was a popular craft that dates back to 500 B.C. it is the reason that most people consider Persian rugs intricate and to be of high quality with high knot counts. The weaving of these rugs is entirely performed by hands that is a time-consuming task. It can take anything from a few months to several years to complete.
Prominent features of Persian Rugs:
The ornate designs on Persian carpets can be grouped into 19 types, including ancient structures and monuments, and floral patterns. The bottom pile of these Persian rugs is soft, and it is a replica of their top pile. The yarns used in Persian rugs have slight variations, which creates texture and depth in the carpet. These variations come from hand-spun wool and natural silk.
Natural and vegetable dye work well together for Persian rugs. Color variations that may not fit well together in any other way are commonly used in Persian carpets. If you use synthetic dyes to mix the same colors, the rug would look garish and not fit creatively. The fringe is an integral part of the rug’s design, and on Hand-Tufted Rugs, it is not sewn or glued. In terms of dimension, a Persian rug can be divided into three categories.
- Large 8×10, 9×12, and above
- Medium 5×7 and 6×9
- Thin 2×3, 3×5, and 4×6
How are these rugs constructed?
In the making of Persian rugs, producing the fabric is the most important thing to remember. A genuine antique Persian rug is one that was hand-knotted in Persia. Any rug with a typical pattern is generally referred to as a “Persian type rug” by dealers.
Rugs & their knots:
Knotting style is essential when deciding a rug’s roots; knots per square inch are critical (KPSI). There are several different types of rug knots, but the most common are:
- The symmetrical Turkish or double knot technique
- Asymmetrical Persian knots or single knot technique
The Persian knot is asymmetrical and has one open side. This method is less cumbersome than Turkish knots and does not leave holes. The Persian knots create a much more elaborate pattern with a lush pile. The Persian knot is one reason people consider Persian rugs to be the finest in the world and outstanding artistry. In floral patterns and multi-layered edges, the knot makes for extreme precision.
The material used in Persian rugs:
An original wool Persian rug is made exclusively of silk and wool. Artisans use natural silk from silk caterpillars to make silk Persian rugs, or bamboo silk can also be used, which is a less expensive solution. Sheep are sheared yearly, and their wool is processed to make fine rugs. Cotton, polypropylene, acrylic, juts, viscose, or any other material can never create an authentic Persian rug.
Knot-Count & quality of Persian rug:
The knot count is the most important determinant of value regardless of where the rug is made. These knots can be very helpful in determining the quality and origin of a rug. For those looking to buy original Persian rugs, a reasonable rule of thumb is that the higher the knot count, the higher the worth, and the higher the price.
How to check the authenticity of Persian rugs?
There are countless furniture stores selling rugs by the name of original Persian rugs, but it is advised not to purchase Persian rugs from furniture stores or at a discount. The stock of fine rugs may have replicas in it.
The backside of Persian rugs should be soft. The rug is not genuine, whether it looks like cardboard or has a rough surface. Test the color of the rug also to get a simple piece. Colorfast dyes are used only in authentic Persian rugs, ensuring that the many colors used on a Persian rug do not spill into one another.
Buy Persian carpet from reputable rug dealers because only a respectable vendor or private trader would be familiar with genuine Persian area rugs. They recognize the importance of conveying the authenticity of a genuine piece to the client. They will tell you where it came from, how it was made, and what logos it bears.
No matter how time and trends are changing, Persian rugs will always remain in trend, and they can never get out of trend. To make your Persian rugs live longer, you must take good care of them.
Vacuum the Persian rug regularly is essential to keep it free of dust and debris. For the floor covering, use a strong vacuum with no perfume diffusers or filters. Instead of vacuuming the area Persian rug back and forth, vacuum it against the grain to avoid any harm.
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